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How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel. Higher THINGS, GIVEN 2010, Nashville, TN REV. Christian C. Tiews ASSOCiate paSTOR Grace evangelical Lutheran church tulsa, oklahoma. How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel. A Short Overview of the Life and Times of Luther

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How martin luther rediscovered the gospel

How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

Higher THINGS, GIVEN 2010, Nashville, TN

REV. Christian C. Tiews

ASSOCiatepaSTOR

Grace evangelical Lutheran church tulsa, oklahoma


How martin luther rediscovered the gospel1
How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

  • A Short Overview of the Life and Times of Luther

  • The Latin Vulgate Translation: Obscuring the Gospel

  • Other Teachings of Rome Further Obscure the Gospel

    • The Role of the Pope, Works Righteousness in Its Various Forms

  • Luther’s Tower Experience (Rom 1:17)

  • Is the Gospel being obscured in the 21st century?

  • The Gospel Expressed in the Smalcald Articles


  • How martin luther rediscovered the gospel2
    How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

    1a. A Short Overview of the Life and Times of Luther

    • 1483 Martin Luder is born in Eisleben

    • 1492 Columbus discovers America

    • 1505 Thunderstorm incident near Stotternheim

    • 1513 ? Tower Experience

    • 1517 Martin Luther (!) posts the 95 Theses

    • 1521 Diet of Worms -- Luther is interrogated and responds, “I can do no other…” Emperor Charles V outlaws Luther in the Imperial Ban.

    • 1521 The Reformer is abducted to the Wartburg. Luther translates the NT from the original Koine Greek into German


    How martin luther rediscovered the gospel3
    How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

    1a. A Short Overview of the Life and Times of Luther

    • 1522 Luther returns to Wittenberg

    • 1530 Philipp Melanchthon presents the Augsburg Confession to Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg

    • 1546 Martin Luther dies in Eisleben

    • 1555 The Peace of Augsburg is agreed upon by both parties: Both Catholic and Evangelical Confession now have equal status.


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    How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

    2. The Latin Vulgate Translation: Obscuring the Gospel

    • Jerome translates the Hebrew OT and Greek NT into Latin

    • Key grammatical errors creep in, laying the foundation for doctrinal errors

    • Gen 3:15 “ipsaconteret caput tuum”

    • Mk 1:15 ( metanoe,w) “paenitemini et crediteevangelio”

    • Rom 1:17 “iustusautem ex fide vivit”


    How martin luther rediscovered the gospel5
    How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

    3. Other Teachings of Rome Further Obscure the Gospel

    • The Role of the Pope

    • Works Righteousness in Its Various Forms

      • Masses, pilgrimages, Hail Marys, fasting, worship of relics,etc.

      • Indulgences!


    How martin luther rediscovered the gospel6
    How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

    4. Luther’s Tower Experience: Rom 1:17

    • Greek:o` de. di,kaiojevkpi,stewjzh,setai

      or…

      o` de. di,kaiojevkpi,stewjzh,setai

    • Vulgate: iustusautemex fide vivit

      the righteous shall live by faith

    • Luther: the one who by faith is righteous shall live


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    How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

    5. Is the Gospel Being Obscured in the 21st Century?

    • Social Gospel

    • Prosperity Gospel

    • Environmental Gospel


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    How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

    6a. The Gospel Expressed in the Smalcald Articles

    • “The first and chief article is this:

    • Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Rom 4:24-25).

    • He alone is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (Jn 1:29), and God has laid upon Him the iniquities of us all (Isa 53:6).

    • All have sinned and are justified freely, without their own works or merits, by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, in His blood (Rom 3:23-25).


    How martin luther rediscovered the gospel9
    How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel

    6b.The Gospel Expressed in the Smalcald Articles

    • This is necessary to believe. This cannot be otherwise acquired or grasped by any work, law, or merit. Therefore, it is clear and certain that this faith alone justifies us. As St. Paul says:

    • ‘For we hold that no one is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.’ (Rom 3:28)

    • ‘That He might be just and the justification of the one who has faith in Jesus. [Rom 3:26]

    • Nothing of this article can be yielded or surrendered, even though heaven and earth and everything else falls [Mk 13:31].”



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