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The Early Years of the War PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 7, Section 1. The Early Years of the War. Americans Divided. Loyalists vs. Patriots Not everyone wanted independence 20-30% Loyalists Native Americans divided too Fear Americans would take land African-Americans British offered freedom Some joined Americans

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The Early Years of the War

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Chapter 7 section 1

Chapter 7, Section 1

The Early Years of the War


Americans divided

Americans Divided

  • Loyalists vs. Patriots

    • Not everyone wanted independence

    • 20-30% Loyalists

  • Native Americans divided too

    • Fear Americans would take land

  • African-Americans

    • British offered freedom

    • Some joined Americans

  • Some families split too


Creating an army

Creating an Army

  • Problems building an Army:

    • Not everyone wanted to join

    • 1 year of service?

    • When time was up they went home

    • Never more than 17,000 soldiers

  • Women tried to help

    • Cooks

    • Laundry

    • Nurses

Deborah Sampson

Mary Hays

“Molly Pitcher”


Struggle for the middle states

Struggle for the Middle States

  • Washington moved troops to New York

    • British kept to coastal cities

      • Waited for reinforcements

      • Hessian mercenaries

  • British and Colonists fought for New York

    • Colonial Army defeated

    • Retreated through New Jersey

  • Trenton and Princeton

    • Washington needed quick victory


Britain s strategy

Britain’s Strategy

  • British overall plan:

    • Seize Hudson Valley

    • Cut off New England from other colonies

  • British Army from Canada

    • Moved south to meet up with General Howe

    • Re-captured Ft. Ticonderoga

    • Beat up by terrain and militia

    • Howe did not meet with them


Battles along the mohawk

Battles Along the Mohawk

  • August 1777

  • Iroquois natives fighting for British

    • Supported St. Leger’s forces from Canada

  • Colonial General Benedict Arnold

    • Led small Army into Mohawk Valley

    • Spread rumor that he had much larger army

    • St. Leger’s troops tricked

    • Many fled leaving supplies


Saratoga a turning point

Saratoga: A Turning Point

  • Colonial General Horatio Gates

    • Set up fortifications on ridge near Saratoga, NY

    • Goal was to stop British Army from getting to Albany, NY

      Battle of Saratoga

  • Sept-Oct, 1777

    • British attacked

    • Benedict Arnold attacked British flank

    • British and mercenaries fell back

    • Colonists surrounded British

    • British forced to surrender


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