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Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa: south of Sahara desert Rainforests Mtns. Savannas (grasslands). Great Rift Valley 40 miles wide, 2,000 ft deep 2,000-3,000 miles long. Village Life. Matrilineal—trace ancestry through mother Husband’s family gives bride’s family iron tools, animals, & cloth

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PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Africa' - eric-hull


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slide2
Sub-Saharan Africa: south of Sahara desert
    • Rainforests
    • Mtns.
    • Savannas (grasslands)
slide3
Great Rift Valley
    • 40 miles wide, 2,000 ft deep
    • 2,000-3,000 miles long
village life
Village Life
  • Matrilineal—trace ancestry through mother
  • Husband’s family gives bride’s family iron tools, animals, & cloth
  • Boys & girls at 12 take part in adulthood ceremonies
slide6
Africans- polytheists
    • Believe spirits of dead live among them
  • Adopted ideas from Arabs (Islam) & Europeans (Christianity)
nubia
Nubia
  • 2000 BC: upper Nile River
  • Under Egyptian control
  • Gold, ivory, pyramids
  • 700s BC: Nubian pharaohs rule Egypt until Axum invaded Nubia
axum 500 bc
Axum 500 BC
  • Traded w/ Rome
      • Ivory, gold, exotic animals
      • Christian kingdom along Red Sea
  • Muslim raids forced them to interior--Ethiopia
slide11
Ghana (300-1200 AD)
    • Located between salt & gold mines
    • Trans-Saharan trade (across the desert)
    • Salt=most important
    • Conquered by Muslims
slide17
Mali
    • Small state in Ghana
  • Sundiata Keita
    • 1200s took old lands of Ghana
    • Cleared land for farming=surpluses
    • Peanuts, rice, sorghum, yams, beans, onions, wheat
slide19
Mansa Musa ruled 1312-1332
    • Introduced Islam
    • Built mosques in Timbuktu
    • Went on hajj
slide22
Songhai
    • Niger River
    • 1400s Sunni Ali—took over Timbuktu
      • Divided into provinces
      • Laws based on Islam
      • 1589-attacked by Moroccans (w/ firearms)
zimbabwe great house of stone
Zimbabwe “Great House of Stone”
  • Between Zambezi & Limpopo Rivers
  • Large stone forts
  • 1400s-declined for unknown reasons
the americas
The Americas
  • Migrated from Asia 11,500 yrs. ago
    • Bering Strait
olmecs
Olmecs
  • 1200 BC – 400 BC
  • “Rubber people”
  • 1st Mexicans to build pyramids
  • Jade carvings
  • Colossal heads
  • Ball game with rubber ball
mayas until 900 ad
Mayas (until 900 AD)
  • Yucatan Peninsula
  • Trade- cacao bean used as $
  • Agriculture- farmers paid taxes in produce & time
  • Members of royal family inbreed
  • Nobles drank hot chocolate (drinking money)
slide32

Mothers tied boards to infants heads to flatten skulls (considered beautiful)

  • Filed down teeth & covered w/ jade
  • Blood rituals & human sacrifices
  • Observatories – towers to “observe” the night sky
slide35

900s cities abandoned

    • Invasion?
    • Famine?
    • Epidemic?
    • Peasant revolt?
aztecs
Aztecs
  • Most glorious & goriest
  • Nomads until settled on island in Lake Texcoco– city Tenochtitlan (200,000 people)
  • Pyramid-temples
  • Chinampas- farming maize (corn), squash, beans, peppers
  • Human sacrifices
  • Warfare- way of capturing sacrifices
slide40

1519- Spaniard Hernan Cortes

    • Have cannons & firearms
    • Cortes allied w/ tribes tired of Montezuma
    • 600 Spaniard w/ a few thousand allies conquered Aztecs
incas
Incas
  • South America- Andes Mtns.
  • Terrace farming
  • Quipus- knots tied in rope for record keeping
  • Quechua- language
  • Potatoes
slide44

Polytheistic- human sacrifices

  • Conquered by Francisco Pizarro 1533
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