III. Routes
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I.Rivers Yangzi / Yangtze River Yellow River (Huanghe) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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III. Routes The “Silk Road” The route along which Mahayana Buddhism entered China the Grand Canal before 1250. IV. Other Features Gobi Desert The North China Plain Tibetan Plateau Sichuan Basin Korean Peninsula Xiongnu territory. I.Rivers Yangzi / Yangtze River

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I.Rivers Yangzi / Yangtze River Yellow River (Huanghe)

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I rivers yangzi yangtze river yellow river huanghe

III. Routes

The “Silk Road”

The route along which Mahayana

Buddhism entered China

the Grand Canal before 1250

IV. Other Features

Gobi Desert

The North China Plain

Tibetan Plateau

Sichuan Basin

Korean Peninsula

Xiongnu territory

  • I.Rivers

  • Yangzi / Yangtze River

  • Yellow River (Huanghe)

II.Cities

Luoyang / Loyang

Jiankang (modern Nanjing / Nanking)

Chang’an (modern Xi’an)

Kaifeng/K’ai-feng


The transformation of society

The transformation of society

750 and 1050 compared


I rivers yangzi yangtze river yellow river huanghe

  • Tang 618-907

  • The An Lushan rebellion 755-757

  • Five Dynasties (in the north) 907-960

  • Ten Kingdoms (in the south) 907-980

  • Liao (the Khitans) 915-1125

  • Song 960-1279


I rivers yangzi yangtze river yellow river huanghe

Telling Time

  • 12 hours per day beginning in the Warring States period

  • 10 day weeks

  • 12 months of 30 days. Beginning in Eastern Han named by number, 1st moon, 2nd moon, etc.

  • four seasons (defined by the solstices and equinoxes)

  • year (beginning and ending at the winter solstice)

  • 12 animals (rat, ox, etc.) already by the Qin dynasty

  • 60 year cycles (10 “heavenly stems” and 12 “earthly branches”) beginning in the Western Han (a1, b2… a11, b12, c 1… i11, j12)

    counting years: from the first year of a ruler’s accession (Shang, Zhou, early Han)

    by the “reign period” within the reign of a ruler (beginning in 110 BC)


I rivers yangzi yangtze river yellow river huanghe

example

When was January 1, 755 in Tang terms?

In Chinese it was大唐玄宗天寶13年(甲午)閏11月14日

Which translates as:

Great Tang

the emperor (posthumously known as) Xuan-zong (Mysterious-Ancestor)

his reign period named Tianbao (Heavenly Treasure)

the 13th year

(the jiawu year )

intercalary 11th month

14th day


I rivers yangzi yangtze river yellow river huanghe

Liao

Song and surrounding states, ca. 1100


Transport networks tang and song compared

Tang

Transport networks, Tang and Song compared

Song


Huai river as the dividing line between north and south

Huai River as the dividing line between north and south


Scroll of kaifeng in the 11 th century

Scroll of Kaifeng in the 11th century:

Website: tutorials, slide shows, and scrolls

View the scroll “Qingming shanghe tu” (Going up the River during the Qingming Festival)


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