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CASES (Kasus). Sorry, you can’t avoid them in German. So, let’s try to understand them one last time. What is a case?. A case is how a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun is used in a sentence. Which of the following are not nouns or pronouns?.

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CASES (Kasus)

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CASES(Kasus)

Sorry, you can’t avoid them in German.

So, let’s try to understand them one last time.


What is a case?

  • A case is how a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun is used in a sentence.

  • Which of the following are not nouns or pronouns?

fingernail, paper, you, us, swam, yesterday, snow, how, swimsuit, him

Hopefully you chose “swam”, “yesterday”, & “how”.


There are 4 cases in German:

Nominative, Accusative, Dative, and Genitive

Nominative: the subject of the sentence ( it DOES the verb)

Accusative: the direct object or object of an Acc. preposition

Dative: the indirect object (“to”/ “for”) or an object of a Dat. preposition


…and the last case?

  • Genitive

Genitive case is used to show possession.—”of”

Examples: mysister’sboyfriend: Der FreundmeinerSchwester.

theparrot’sfood: Das Futter desPapageis

Notice the color coding correspondence.


Genitive is sometimes used with these prepositions:

  • trotz: “despite”; “in spite of”

  • statt/ anstatt: “instead of”

  • während: “during”


What happens to the articles in each case?

Masc.Fem. Neuter Plural

Nom

Acc

Dat

Gen

These are endings found on “the” and other “determiners” (like “each”, “which”, “this/that/these/those”.)


…and what happens with other articles?

Masc.Fem.Neut. Plur.

Nom

Acc

Dat

Gen

These endings go on “ein-” (a, an one), “kein-” (not any), and possessive articles (like my, your, his…)


If you compare the last two charts, which boxes have different endings?

Yes, only those three. Otherwise, the two charts are the same.


How good is your memory?

  • What is a case in German?

  • What is affected by a case?

  • What are the four cases?

  • What is the purpose of each?

  • How does knowing the case affect how you write and say the words?


How do you figure out the case of a noun or pronoun?

Here is one method. Run the noun phrase or pronoun through the following tests.


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