CASES (Kasus). Sorry, you can’t avoid them in German. So, let’s try to understand them one last time. What is a case?. A case is how a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun is used in a sentence. Which of the following are not nouns or pronouns?.
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Sorry, you can’t avoid them in German.
So, let’s try to understand them one last time.
fingernail, paper, you, us, swam, yesterday, snow, how, swimsuit, him
Hopefully you chose “swam”, “yesterday”, & “how”.
Nominative, Accusative, Dative, and Genitive
Nominative: the subject of the sentence ( it DOES the verb)
Accusative: the direct object or object of an Acc. preposition
Dative: the indirect object (“to”/ “for”) or an object of a Dat. preposition
Genitive case is used to show possession.—”of”
Examples: mysister’sboyfriend: Der FreundmeinerSchwester.
theparrot’sfood: Das Futter desPapageis
Notice the color coding correspondence.
What happens to the articles in each case?
Masc. Fem. Neuter Plural
These are endings found on “the” and other “determiners” (like “each”, “which”, “this/that/these/those”.)
Masc. Fem. Neut. Plur.
These endings go on “ein-” (a, an one), “kein-” (not any), and possessive articles (like my, your, his…)
Yes, only those three. Otherwise, the two charts are the same.
Here is one method. Run the noun phrase or pronoun through the following tests.