Tokugawa japan
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TOKUGAWA JAPAN. 1400-1800. SETTING THE STAGE. 1300s – SHOGUNS (military leaders) struggled to keep weak Japan unified 1467 – civil war chaos & war result in shogun losing control territorial lords gaining power over small domains of land – LACK OF UNITY  feudalism

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TOKUGAWA JAPAN

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Tokugawa japan

TOKUGAWA JAPAN

1400-1800


Setting the stage

SETTING THE STAGE

  • 1300s – SHOGUNS (military leaders) struggled to keep weak Japan unified

  • 1467 – civil war chaos & war result in shogun losing control

  • territorial lords gaining power

    over small domains of land

    – LACK OF UNITY  feudalism

  • Powerless emperors being

    controlled by shoguns


Sengoku period

SENGOKU PERIOD

  • 1467-1568 – Sengoku :

    “Warring States”

  • SAMURAIS seized control of estates & offer peasants protection for loyalty

  • strongest samurais became DAIMYO (warrior-chieftains) who want more land & more control


Daimyo vips

DAIMYO VIPs

  • ODA NOBUNAGA – seizes Kyoto (capital) in 1568 & Pushes out all rivals with force – 1575 uses firearms for 1sttime in Japan

  • TOYOTOMI HIDEYOSHI –

    gains control of country

    by 1590 & invades

    Korea in 1592


Tokugawa ieyasu

TOKUGAWA IEYASU

  • A daimyo - unifies Japan in 1600 & gains loyalty of all daimyo

  • Becomes shogun – sole ruler


Tokugawa s achievements

TOKUGAWA’S ACHIEVEMENTS

  • moves capital to Edo

    (became Tokyo)

  • makes daimyo come to capital every other year to keep them obedient & close to his watchful eye

    • legal policies reformed

    • strong central government becomes more important than military actions (rule of law over rule of sword)

    • founder of Tokugawa Shogunate (1600-1867)


What did this do for japan

WHAT DID THIS DO FOR JAPAN?

  • Stability, prosperity, & isolation

  • Food production increases

     population increases

  • Merchant class becomes wealthy & powerful, but peasants remain poor & overworked  eventually move to cities


City life

CITY LIFE

  • Mid-1700s Japan shifts from rural to urban society – Edo was world’s largest city

  • Employment opportunities increase for women in cities (peasants still restricted)

  • Traditional culture thrived

    • KABUKI theater gains popularity:

      dramas w/elaborate costumes

    • HAIKU– poetry that expresses

      images


Europeans arrive in 1500 s

EUROPEANS ARRIVE IN 1500’s

  • Japanese eager to trade w/ Portuguese: clocks, eyeglasses, tobacco, & firearms (for muskets & cannons)

  • Missionaries want to convert people BUT Tokugawa believed they looked down on Japanese culture/ religion (Shinto & Buddhism)

  • Eventually missionaries are

    banned & Christians are

    persecuted

  • Closed all ports except

    Nagasaki

     “CLOSED COUNTRY POLICY”


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