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SOCIAL MARKETING FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Samantha Parnell University of Exeter School of Sport and Health Sciences and School of Geography. AIMS OF THE RESEARCH.

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Social marketing for physical activity

SOCIAL MARKETING FOR PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Samantha Parnell

University of Exeter

School of Sport and Health Sciences and School of Geography


Aims of the research
AIMS OF THE RESEARCH

  • To explore the relationships between children’s physical activity, health and fitness through the use of a social marketing approach.


Objectives of the research
OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH

  • To describe and explain the physical activity choices of school children to and within their school setting.

  • To explore the different barriers and motivators for adopting sustainable patterns in schools in the South West of England.

  • To identify different student health-based lifestyle groups using segmentation analysis and to explore the lifestyle aspirations, needs and expectations of these clusters.



Reasons for the research
REASONS FOR THE RESEARCH enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE CHRONIC DISEASE

OBESITY


Facts and problems of inactivity
FACTS AND PROBLEMS OF INACTIVITY enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

  • 68% of boys and 76% of girls do not meet minimum recommended activity levels

  • In the UK 1 in 4 11-15 year olds are now obese

  • In ages 2-15 obesity/

    overweight 31% boys 29% girls

  • Foresight reports estimates by 2025 47% of men and 36% of women obese

  • A sedentary lifestyle causes 54,000 premature deaths per year

  • Physical inactivity in England estimate to cost 8.2 billion per yr (2004)

  • Risk of osteoporosis in later life and cancers

  • Risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes

  • Mental health and depression

FACTS AND FIGURES

CHRONIC DISEASES


Why are activity rates lower
WHY ARE ACTIVITY RATES LOWER? enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

  • Lack of active transport.

  • Lack of time.

  • Loss of freedom for outdoor play.

  • Technological advancements.

  • PE time in schools reduced

  • Cost.


Is social marketing the answer
IS SOCIAL MARKETING THE enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 OlympicsANSWER?

  • WHAT IS SOCIAL MARKETING:

    “The systematic application of marketing concepts and techniques to achieve specific behavioural goals relevant to social good” French et al, (2010 p1)

    Social marketing is a framework or structure utilising other bodies of knowledge such as psychology, sociology, communications theory and marketing in order to understand how to influence the behaviour of target populations (Gordon et al, 2006).

    Based on the adaption of contemporary marketing theory and practice in order to guide and aid social change campaigns (Dann, 2010).


Social marketing
SOCIAL MARKETING enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

  • Interest is growing in using social marketing as a framework for improving health.

  • Social marketing is more than advertising

  • The heart of the approach is in understanding the needs and views of target audience.

  • Social marketing has been shown to be effective in changing health behaviour.


Benchmark criteria
BENCHMARK CRITERIA enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

  • Customer Orientation.

  • Behaviour

  • Theory

  • Insight

  • Competition

  • Exchange

  • Segmention

  • Methods Mix


Social marketing campaigns relevant to physical ac tivity
SOCIAL MARKETING CAMPAIGNS RELEVANT TO PHYSICAL AC enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 OlympicsTIVITY

  • Change for Life – Large scale UK gov’t campaign.

  • VERB – US based campaign aimed at 9-13 year olds.

  • Woodside Gets Active – Child and parent pa campaign.


Methodology
METHODOLOGY enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

  • The methodology is designed around the key decisions made by both sedentary and active children using eight case study schools in the Exeter Area. (4 primary, 4 secondary)

  • Research involves school students and stakeholders within the school and local authority policy makers.


Methodological stages
METHODOLOGICAL STAGES enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

  • Stage 1a: A survey of school children aged 7-16 years will investigate their patterns of physical activity

  • Division of sample: 3 key stages 7-11, 11-14, 14-16.

  • 8 schools 200 per key stage = 1600 questionnaires 1124 received back


  • Stage 1b: enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympicslifestyles segmentation model developed to explore the properties, motivations and barriers for activity-based behaviour change.

  • Approximately 4-6 clusters in each school.

  • Stage 2: Interviews with clusters from 4 cluster groups, 8 schools. Approx 32.


  • Stage 3: enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 OlympicsIn-depth interviews with key stakeholders from or relevant to each school, including the headteacher, P.E. teachers, local sports leader and other relevant local policy makers.

  • 3-4 interviews per school. Max 32total.


  • Stage 4: enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympicsmarketing strategy will be developed in partnership with the schools and with data from stages 1-3.

  • It will aim to use targeted branding and marketing techniques to encourage physical activity behaviour change.


  • RESULTS SO FAR enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics.............

  • 1124 respondents 628 boys, 496 girls ages 7-15 years

  • 570 (50%) walk/cycle to school daily

  • 264 (25%) never walk/cycle to school

  • Children spent more time being sedentary than being active


Summary
SUMMARY enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

  • Obesity levels and physical inactivity figures show there is a need for Intervention.

  • Some social marketing campaigns have shown there is scope for interventions to be successful.

  • Further research is needed to identify whether or not social marketing would be beneficial to sustaining patterns of physical activity in school children in the South West.


I hope you have found this interesting
I hope you have found this interesting enhance physical activity amongst school aged children and also encourage continued patterns of physical activity amongst school aged children beyond the legacy of the 2012 Olympics

Thanks for listening


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