Plagiarism. A review of what NOT to do. Definition 1. From Dictionary.com pla·gia·rism [ pley -j uh -riz- uh m , - jee - uh - riz -] Show IPA noun 1. an act or instance of using or closely imitating the language and thoughts of another author without
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A review of what NOT to do
[pley-juh-riz-uhm, -jee-uh-riz-] Show IPA
noun1.an act or instance of using or closely
imitating the languageand thoughts of another author without
authorization and the representation of that author's work as one's
own, as by not crediting the original author
Each of the 10 most common types of plagiarism are defined below. The types are ranked in order of severity of intent.
#3. FIND - REPLACE
#8. 404 ERROR
There are different types of plagiarism and all are serious violations of academic honesty. We have defined the most common types below and have provided links to examples.
Mosaic Plagiarism (this is the one that got many of your classmates in trouble)From http://www.bowdoin.edu/studentaffairs/academic-honesty/common-types.shtml
Student Writer B:Source:Only two years later, all these friendly Sioux were suddenly plunged into new conditions, including starvation, martial law on all their reservations, and constant urging by their friends and relationsto join in warfare against the treacherous government that had kept faith with neither friend nor foe.
"Contrast the condition into which all these friendly Indians are suddenly plunged now, with their condition only two years previous: martial law now in force on all their reservations; themselves in danger of starvation, and constantly exposed to the influence of emissaries from their friends and relations, urging them to join in fighting this treacherous government that had kept faith with nobody--neither with friend nor with foe."1
Here’s the ORIGINAL text, from page 1 of Lizzie Borden: A Case Book of Family and Crime in the 1890sby Joyce Williams et al.:
Here’s an UNACCEPTABLE paraphrase that is plagiarism:
Students who plagiarize or otherwise engage in academic dishonesty face serious consequences. Sanctions may include, but are not limited to, failure on an assignment, grade reduction or course failure, suspension, and possibly dismissal. Faculty members should consult with the Judicial Board Advisor in the Office of the Dean of Student Affairs to determine if a formal complaint should be filed. The Advisor will guide the faculty member through the process of bringing a formal complaint as well as guide the student through the process of a Judicial Board hearing. http://www.bowdoin.edu/studentaffairs/academic-honesty/consequences-of-plagiarism.shtml
…intentional plagiarism is a clear-cut matter at Baylor. Teachers turn in any students they believe have willfully plagiarized. The Honor Council hears each case, and students found guilty suffer these consequences:
1) They receive a 0 on the work in question.
2) They are suspended, most often for two or three days. The length depends largely on the student's behavior before the Honor Council; truthfulness and contrition are appropriate when the evidence is compelling. Ordinarily the student misses a day of school for the first day of suspension (and receives a 0 on all work that day). Remaining days are "reverse suspension"; students serve these during the next vacation.
3) Students who are convicted of plagiarism also receive specific final warning and will suffer expulsion if they are convicted of a further honor offense.
“The honor committee [at the University of Virginia], made up entirely of students, can expel current students if they are found guilty [of plagiarism]. It also could recommend that the students who have already graduated lose their diplomas."
--"Computer Program Targets 122 Virginia Students for Plagiarism"
Penalties in college and beyond
Colleges and universities take plagiarism every bit as seriously as Baylor does, and they assume that students know, or should know, how to avoid it. Students may be suspended or expelled from college for plagiarizing. As the passage at left notes, they may also have their diplomas revoked after they have graduated.