Chapter 10: Boltzmann Distribution Law (BDL). From Microscopic Energy Levels to Energy Probability Distributions to Macroscopic Properties. I. Probability Distribution. Microstate: a specific configuration of atoms (Fig 10.1 has 5 microstates)
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From Microscopic Energy Levels to Energy Probability Distributions
to Macroscopic Properties
= Σ[Ej + kT(1 +ℓn pj*) + α] dpj* = 0
<vx2> = kT/m for 1-di
<Ek> = kT/2 for 1-di; kT for 2-di; 3kT/2 for 3-di
= Eqn 10.17