Understanding and managing websphere v5
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Understanding and Managing WebSphere V5. Tony Higham FatWire Software. What We’ll Cover …. Understanding WebSphere Understanding WebSphere V5 packaging Understanding WebSphere V5 architecture Managing WebSphere Understanding WebSphere performance. Note. What Is WebSphere?.

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Understanding and managing websphere v5

Understanding and Managing WebSphere V5

Tony Higham

FatWire Software


What we ll cover

What We’ll Cover …

  • Understanding WebSphere

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 packaging

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 architecture

  • Managing WebSphere

  • Understanding WebSphere performance


What is websphere

Note

What Is WebSphere?

  • WebSphere is not a product; it's a software platform that includes many products

    • WebSphere Application Server, or WAS, is often referred to as WebSphere

  • The WebSphere software platform is an e-business solutions framework

    • IBM uses WebSphere and Domino to provide a runtime environment for its business solutions

    • Business solutions include

      • WebSphere Portal Server (WPS)

      • WebSphere Commerce Suite (WCS)

      • Mobile computing and more


What does websphere do

What Does WebSphere Do?

  • In this session the term WebSphere means the WebSphere Application Server product

  • WAS provides a runtime environment for Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) applications

    • J2EE defines a bunch of Java APIs for enterprise-level applications that are portable across application servers

    • Includes Java servlets, Java Server Pages (JSPs), Enterprise JavaBeans (EJBs), and other J2EE APIs

  • WAS V5 implements J2EE 1.3 APIs with extensions

    • WebSphere business solutions (portal, commerce, etc.) are implemented as J2EE applications that run on WAS

    • WAS also provides proprietary extensions to J2EE 1.3


What we ll cover1

What We’ll Cover …

  • Understanding WebSphere

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 packaging

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 architecture

  • Managing WebSphere

  • Understanding WebSphere performance


Was v5 packaging

WAS V5 Packaging

WebSphere Application Server Enterprise Edition

WebSphere Application Server Network Deployment

WebSphere Application Server

WebSphere Application Server Express


Was express

Heads Up

WAS Express

  • WAS Express contains development tools and a limited version of WebSphere Application Server

    • Does not provide support for EJBs

    • Supports a limited number of database products

    • WAS Express has an embedded HTTP server that is built to handle a limited number of concurrent users

      • WAS Express doesn’t support external HTTP servers and can’t be integrated with Domino

  • WAS Express is designed for development, testing, and small pilot project activities only

    • Great for building dynamic Web applications

    • Lowest-cost entry-level WebSphere package


Websphere application server was base

Tip

WebSphere Application Server (WAS Base)

  • WebSphere Application Server is commonly called WAS Base or just Base to differentiate it

    • This session uses the terminology WAS Base

  • WAS Base extends WAS Express with

    • Full J2EE 1.3 support

    • Support for a wide range of database products

    • Support for external HTTP servers such as Domino

  • WAS Base is designed for production systems that have a relatively low number of concurrent users

    • Runs on a single server and has limited scalability

    • Similar to WebSphere V4 Advanced Single-Server


Was network deployment

WAS Network Deployment

  • WAS Network Deployment extends WAS Base with:

    • Multi-server deployment for mission-critical applications

    • Centralized administration model

  • Servers can be clustered for high scalability

    • Supports both load-balancing and failover to provide 24x7x365 operations for mission-critical applications

    • Similar to WebSphere V4 Advanced Edition

  • WAS Network Deployment includes WAS Base plus

    • The Deployment Manager to configure and manage multiple instances of WebSphere on multiple servers

    • Edge components that provide HTTP load balancing and Web page caching capabilities for enhanced scalability


Was enterprise edition

Caution

WAS Enterprise Edition

  • WAS Enterprise Edition provides proprietary extensions to the J2EE programming model

    • Adds sophisticated application functions like workflow

    • Provides application performance enhancements

  • IBM uses these capabilities to add functionality and performance for its business solutions

    • WebSphere Portal Server, WebSphere Commerce Suite

    • IBM shares common services across business solutions and makes them available to their customers (at a price)

  • These extensions can save development time, but applications are no longer portable to other J2EE application servers (vendor lock-in)!


What we ll cover2

What We’ll Cover …

  • Understanding WebSphere

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 packaging

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 architecture

  • Managing WebSphere

  • Understanding WebSphere performance


Was express architecture

c

c

JSP

Admin Svc

ApplicationDatabase

ConfigurationRepository(XMLFiles)

WAS Express Architecture

Web Browser

WebSphere Node

Application Server

HTTP

HTTPS

JSPEngine

Embedded

HTTP Server

JavaServlet

HTTP

Administrator's Console

HTTPS


Was base architecture

c

c

JSP

Admin Svc

ApplicationDatabase

ConfigurationRepository(XMLFiles)

WAS Base Architecture

Web Browser

HTTP Server

WebSphere Node

HTTP

Application Server

WebSpherePlug-In

JSPEngine

HTTP

HTTPS

Embedded

HTTP Server

JavaServlet

EJB

HTTP

Administrator's Console

HTTPS


Was network deployment architecture

Node 2

Node 1

App Server 1

App Server 3

Embedded

HTTP Server

(Port 9080)

Embedded

HTTP Server

(Port 9080)

App Server 4

App Server 2

Embedded

HTTP Server

(Port 9081)

Embedded

HTTP Server

(Port 9081)

Node Agent

Node Agent

Admin Svc

Admin Svc

Admin Svc

Admin Svc

Admin Svc

Admin Svc

Admin Svc

ConfigurationRepository(XMLFiles)

ConfigurationRepository(XMLFiles)

MasterRepository(XMLFiles)

WAS Network Deployment Architecture

Web Browser

WebSphere Cell

HTTP Server

WebSpherePlug-In

Admin Node

Administrator's Console

Embedded

HTTP Server

(Port 9080)

DeploymentManager


What we ll cover3

What We’ll Cover …

  • Understanding WebSphere

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 packaging

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 architecture

  • Managing WebSphere

  • Understanding WebSphere performance


Managing websphere

Caution

Managing WebSphere

  • Typical WebSphere administration tasks

    • Starting and stopping WebSphere

    • Creating and configuring application servers

    • Creating and configuring virtual hosts

    • Deploying WebSphere applications

  • The tasks required to manage WebSphere are the same for all of the WebSphere packages

    • But the way in which you execute the tasks differs significantly between WAS Base and WAS Network Deployment


What we ll cover4

What We’ll Cover …

  • Understanding WebSphere

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 packaging

    • Understanding WebSphere V5 architecture

  • Managing WebSphere

  • Understanding WebSphere performance


Measuring websphere performance

Measuring WebSphere Performance

  • All systems are limited by resources

    • For example, cars are limited by fuel combustibility, engine size, transmission, tire type and size, etc.

    • When the resources in any system are low, bottlenecks occur and performance is reduced

  • To manage WebSphere effectively, you must understand how to monitor its resources

    • Resources have data values that you use to determine their availability


Understanding websphere resources

Where

to

FIND

it

Understanding WebSphere Resources

  • WebSphere uses system resources such as memory, database connections, threads, etc.

    • WebSphere resources are described in Chapter 15 of the Redbook “WebSphere V5.0 Performance, Scalability and High Availability” SG24-6198-00

  • Knowing what resources WebSphere uses and how to monitor those resources, you will:

    • Understand and identify the underlying causes of performance issues in a WebSphere environment

    • Know whether to tune WebSphere or ask the application developer to address a design issue


Capturing the performance data

Great Feature

Capturing the Performance Data

  • Now that you know what to measure, you need to know how to capture the data

    • Performance monitoring and analysis capabilities are built into WebSphere

    • This feature is called the Performance Monitoring Infrastructure, or PMI

  • PMI is embedded in the application server to capture performance data

    • IBM provides tools for analyzing the data


Analyzing websphere performance

Tools

Analyzing WebSphere Performance

  • To analyze performance, use tools that can store and display the data captured by PMI

    • PMI makes performance data available

    • PMI does not record or analyze the data

  • IBM provides two tools for analyzing WebSphere performance

    • Tivoli Performance Viewer

      • Used to be called Resource Analyzer

    • Performance monitoring servlet


Understanding tivoli performance viewer

Functionality

Understanding Tivoli Performance Viewer

  • Tivoli Performance Viewer is a Java application that records and reports data captured by PMI

    • This used to be called the Resource Analyzer in V4

  • Tivoli Performance Viewer is the most useful tool for analyzing WebSphere performance

    • It helps you determine what resources are being used up and how best to tune

    • It can record and play back performance issues to end users and developers


Tivoli performance viewer pros and cons

Tivoli Performance Viewer Pros and Cons

  • Pros of Tivoli Performance Viewer

    • Provides a full graphical user interface

    • Generates charts that make the data easier to understand and analyze

    • Contains the best analytical capabilities

  • Cons of Tivoli Performance Viewer

    • Uses the IIOP protocol, which may be blocked if the administration server is behind a firewall

    • Requires a client-side install


Performance monitoring servlet

Where

to

FIND

it

Performance Monitoring Servlet

  • The Performance Monitoring servlet is a Web-based alternative to Tivoli Performance Viewer

    • Returns performance data in XML format

    • Distributed with WebSphere, but you have to install it

      • See Chapter 15 of “WebSphere V5.0 Performance, Scalability and High Availability” SG24-6198-00

  • Start the servlet with the URL

    • http://host/wasPerfTool/servlet/perfservlet


Performance monitoring servlet pros and cons

Performance Monitoring Servlet Pros and Cons

  • Pros of the Servlet are

    • Can be used to view performance data from anywhere with a Web browser

  • Cons of the Servlet are

    • Does not provide a graphical interface for navigating data items or creating charts

    • Cannot store information in a log file for later analysis or playback


Live q a with tony higham

Live Q&A with Tony Higham

You may submit

your questions at any time.


Thank you

Thank you

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