Brazilian biomes
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Brazilian Biomes. Map of Brazilian biomes. “Pampa gaúcho”. Also known as “campos sulinos”; It covers about 60% of the state of Rio Grande do Sul; It encompasses a big flat area ;

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Brazilian Biomes

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“Pampa gaúcho”

Alsoknown as “campos sulinos”;

It covers about 60% ofthestateof Rio Grande do Sul;

It encompasses a big flat area;

It isrelativelyrainy (around 1,200 mm per year), without a cleardryseason. However, theoccurrenceofverylowtemperatures in winterinhibitsthegrowthofplants in a way similar to a dryseason;

The temperature varies from hot in summer (35oC) tofreezingcold in winter (-4oC);

“Pampa gaúcho”

Its maintypeofvegetations is grass, with some bushes andfewtrees (=GRASSLAND).


It is similar to a savanna, withmarkeddry (winter) andwetseasons (summer);

Its vegetation is mostlycomposedofgrasswith some bushes andtrees;

BeingsurroundedbytheAmazonforest, Atlanticforest, pantanal andcaatinga, its fauna and flora are extremelyrich. Some ofthetypicalanimalsofthecerrado are endangeredspecieslikeonça-pintada, tatu-canastra, lobo-guará, águia-cinzenta andthecachorro-do-mato-vinagre.


The temperature ranges from 10oC toalmost 40ºC, withanaverageof 25oC;

The yearlyrainfall varies between 1,200 to 1,800 mm per year, concentrated in thesummer.



It has some characteristicsofsavannasandofdeserts (semi-ariddeserts);

Yearlyrainfall varies between 240 mm to 1,500 mm, mostlyconcentrated in threeconsecutivemonths. Thissets twomainseasons in thecaatinga: a hot longdryseasonand a hot short wetseason;

Its vegetation is composed of trees and shrubs with spines and various adaptations to water deficit.



It istheworld’slargestwetland;

The yearlyrainfallis over 1,000 mm, withdry (winter) andwet (summer) seasons;

Averagetemperature varies between 23oC and 25oC;

Vegetation varies amongwhatisfound in thecerrado, in wetlandsand in tropical rainforests;

It hastheworld’slargestdiversityofbirds;




It is a tropical rainforest, theworld’srichest in diversityoftrees;

The yearlyrainfallofabout 2,000 mm;

Temperature ranges from 14oC to 21oC;

Its biodiversityisextremelyrich, withmanyendemicspecies (they are foundnowhereelse in the world)


54% of the trees are endemic, as are 64% of the palms and 74% of the bromeliads. Among the fauna species, 80% of the primates are endemic, and 40% of all mammals, butterflies, reptiles, amphibians and birds.


It is a typical tropical rainforest;

Yearlyrainfallofabout 2,000 mm, evenlydistributedthroughouttheyear;

Warmtemperaturesthewholeyear (24º to 25oC);

It is thought to be the oldest tropical forest area in the world, perhaps as much as 100 million years old;

It presents an enormous biodiversity;

Plants are distributed in different layers.


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