Brazilian Biomes. Map of Brazilian biomes. http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/presidencia/noticias/noticia_visualiza.php?id_noticia=169. “Pampa gaúcho”. Also known as “campos sulinos”; It covers about 60% of the state of Rio Grande do Sul; It encompasses a big flat area ;
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Alsoknown as “campos sulinos”;
It covers about 60% ofthestateof Rio Grande do Sul;
It encompasses a big flat area;
It isrelativelyrainy (around 1,200 mm per year), without a cleardryseason. However, theoccurrenceofverylowtemperatures in winterinhibitsthegrowthofplants in a way similar to a dryseason;
The temperature varies from hot in summer (35oC) tofreezingcold in winter (-4oC);
Its maintypeofvegetations is grass, with some bushes andfewtrees (=GRASSLAND).
It is similar to a savanna, withmarkeddry (winter) andwetseasons (summer);
Its vegetation is mostlycomposedofgrasswith some bushes andtrees;
BeingsurroundedbytheAmazonforest, Atlanticforest, pantanal andcaatinga, its fauna and flora are extremelyrich. Some ofthetypicalanimalsofthecerrado are endangeredspecieslikeonça-pintada, tatu-canastra, lobo-guará, águia-cinzenta andthecachorro-do-mato-vinagre.
The temperature ranges from 10oC toalmost 40ºC, withanaverageof 25oC;
The yearlyrainfall varies between 1,200 to 1,800 mm per year, concentrated in thesummer.
It has some characteristicsofsavannasandofdeserts (semi-ariddeserts);
Yearlyrainfall varies between 240 mm to 1,500 mm, mostlyconcentrated in threeconsecutivemonths. Thissets twomainseasons in thecaatinga: a hot longdryseasonand a hot short wetseason;
Its vegetation is composed of trees and shrubs with spines and various adaptations to water deficit.
The yearlyrainfallis over 1,000 mm, withdry (winter) andwet (summer) seasons;
Averagetemperature varies between 23oC and 25oC;
Vegetation varies amongwhatisfound in thecerrado, in wetlandsand in tropical rainforests;
It is a tropical rainforest, theworld’srichest in diversityoftrees;
The yearlyrainfallofabout 2,000 mm;
Temperature ranges from 14oC to 21oC;
Its biodiversityisextremelyrich, withmanyendemicspecies (they are foundnowhereelse in the world)
54% of the trees are endemic, as are 64% of the palms and 74% of the bromeliads. Among the fauna species, 80% of the primates are endemic, and 40% of all mammals, butterflies, reptiles, amphibians and birds.
It is a typical tropical rainforest;
Yearlyrainfallofabout 2,000 mm, evenlydistributedthroughouttheyear;
Warmtemperaturesthewholeyear (24º to 25oC);
It is thought to be the oldest tropical forest area in the world, perhaps as much as 100 million years old;
It presents an enormous biodiversity;
Plants are distributed in different layers.