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Rudolph Dreikurs. 1897-1972. Rudolph Dreikurs Concepts of Classroom Management. Background Democratic Teaching Mistaken Goals Logical Consequences Encouragement. Dreikurs: Background Information. Born in Vienna, Austria in 1897 Emigrated to U.S. in 1937

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Rudolph dreikurs

Rudolph Dreikurs

1897-1972


Rudolph dreikurs concepts of classroom management

Rudolph DreikursConcepts of Classroom Management

  • Background

  • Democratic Teaching

  • Mistaken Goals

  • Logical Consequences

  • Encouragement


Dreikurs background information

Dreikurs: Background Information

  • Born in Vienna, Austria in 1897

  • Emigrated to U.S. in 1937

  • Became director of Alfred Adler Institute in Chicago

  • Founder & medical director of Community Child Guidance Center of Chicago


Rudolph dreikurs

Fundamentals of Adlerian Psychology

Establishing connection to self and community

Creating unique long term goals

All behavior has social meaning and purpose

Social interpretation of defense mechanisms


Democratic teaching

Democratic Teaching

  • What is Democratic Teaching?

  • Characteristics

  • Autocrat vs. Democrat


What is democratic teaching

What is Democratic Teaching?

  • Democratic teaching is a teaching style where:

    • The teacher acts as a responsible guide

    • The teacher believes quiet action is more effective than words

    • The teacher’s way of disciplining is based on mutual respect


Characteristics

Characteristics

  • Friendly but firm

  • Work is well planned

  • Respect by listening

  • Always encouraging

  • Encourages group work

  • Involve students in classroom responsibilities

  • Sincere but have a natural sense of humor


Democrat vs autocrat

Democrat

Leader

Invitation

Influence

Sell Ideas

Encouragement

Team

Autocrat

Boss

Command

Power

Impose Ideas

Criticism

One person

Democrat Vs. Autocrat


Rudolph dreikurs

4 Mistaken Goals

  • Attention Getting

  • Power Seeking

  • Revenge

  • Feelings of Inadequacy


Rudolph dreikurs

Attention Getting

  • Student Feels Insignificant

  • Misbehaves for Attention

  • Teacher’s Emotion = Annoyed


Rudolph dreikurs

Power Seeking

  • Student Feels Powerless

  • Defies the Teacher

  • Teacher’s Emotion = Threatened


Rudolph dreikurs

Revenge

  • Student Feels Wrongly Disciplined or Embarrassed

  • Becomes Outwardly Hostile

  • May Intentionally Hurt Others

  • Teacher’s Emotion = Hurt


Rudolph dreikurs

Feelings of Inadequacy

  • Student Feels Hopeless and Inferior

  • Gives Up and Avoids Others

  • Teacher’s Emotion = Discouraged


Logical consequences

Logical Consequences

Key Tenet:

Children should be given a choice rather than forced to behave as directed.

  • Logical consequences must be explained, understood, and agreed upon by the students.

  • Logical consequences are contrived and then applied as necessary to influence students’ behavior.


Logical consequences punishment

Logical Consequences ≠ Punishment


Logical consequences natural consequences

Logical Consequences ≠ Natural Consequences


Encouragement

Encouragement

  • Encouragement boosts self-esteem and confidence

  • Express faith, promote “security”

  • High expectations enhance encouragement


Encouragement more than praise

Praise

You are always on time.

I'm so proud of your artwork.

You are the best helper I ever had.

Encouragement

You sure make an effort to be on time.

It is nice to see that you enjoy art.

The room looks very neat since you straightened the bookshelves.

Encouragement more than praise

  • Praise can become source of self-worth

  • Use encouragement to recognize effort, rather than praise to reward accomplishment.


Methods of encouragement

Methods of Encouragement

  • Show faith in the child

    • Teacher’s faith will promote child’s faith in self

  • Create self-confidence, build self-respect

    • Challenging tasks: “I know you can do it”

  • Utilize and integrate the group

    • Address individual differences to find place for each child in group

  • Recognize strengths and assets

    • Avoid focusing on mistakes, seek out strengths to build relationship


Advantages

Advantages

 Promotes trust, respect, and communication among teachers and students

 Fair discipline through logical consequences helps students understand their behavior and teaches correct behavior

 Understanding student behavior contributes to safer schools and a caring classroom environment

  • Promotes autonomy


Disadvantages

Disadvantages

 Difficulty determining motives of students

  • Difficult to come up with logical consequences on the spot

  • Autocratic or permissive teachers may not accept democratic perspectives

  • Students may not understand goals and rules as the teacher does

  • Problems communicating desired outcomes with students


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • Alfred Adler Institute of San Francisco. Basic Principles of Classical Adlerian Psychology. Retrieved on Jan 22, 2004 from <http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/hstein/principl.htm>

  • Carson, R. N. 1996. Reaction to Presidential Address of Ronald Butchart. American Educational Studies, 27:207-216.

  • Dinkmeyer, D. and Dreikurs, R. 1963. Encouraging children to learn: the encouragement process. Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Prentice-Hall.

  • Dreikurs, R. 1957. Psychology in the classroom: a manual for teachers. New York , NY. Harper & Row.

  • Dreikurs, R. and Cassel, P. 1972. Discipline without tears. New York, NY. Hawthorn Books.

  • Dreikurs, R., Grunwald, B. B. and Pepper, F. C. 1971. Maintaining sanity in the classroom. New York , NY. Harper & Row. Retrieved on Jan 24, 2004 from <http://www.noogenesis.com/malama/encouragement.html>

  • Edwards, C. H. 1993. Classroom Discipline and Management. New York , NY. Macmillan.

  • Jones, V. F. 1995. Comprehensive Classroom Management. Boston, MA. Allyn & Bacon.

  • Manning, M. L. and Bucher, K. T. 2003. Classroom management: models, applications, and cases. Upper Saddle River, NJ. Prentice Hall.

  • Wolfgang, C. H. 1986. Solving Discipline Problems. Boston, MA. Allyn & Bacon.


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