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Кафедра “ компьютерные системы и технологии ” PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Кафедра “ компьютерные системы и технологии ”. курс Системы ввода-вывода,интерфейсы и периферия компьютеров часть 1 системы ввода-вывода и интерфейсы Лектор профессор Чернышев Ю.А.

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Кафедра “ компьютерные системы и технологии ”

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1.2.


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1.3

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Isa industry standart architekture

ISA(Industry Standart Architekture)

  • 8,16 ,24

  • 4/, 8

  • 11 ,7

  • : , ,

  • : , /


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16 .

8 .

16 .

8 .

16 .

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ISA

SA(System Adres)[19-0] -

LA(Latchable Adres)[24-17] -

SD(System data)[15-0]

# SBHE(System Bus High Enable)

BALE(Bus Adres Latch Enable)

AEN(Adres Enable)

# MEMR(Memory Read)

# MEMW(Memory Write)

# I/OR(Input Output Read) -

# I/OU(Input Output Write) -

# MEMCS16(Memory Cycle Select) 16.

# I/OCS16(Input Output Cycle Select) 16. -

I/OCHRDY(I/O Cannel Ready) -

#OWS(O Wite States) 0

# REFRESH


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# Master

# I/O CH CK(I/O Channel Check)

RESET

SYSCLC(System Clock) ,8

OSC 12.3818

IRQ(Interrup ReQuest)

[15,14,12,11,10],[976543]

DRQ(Direct memory access ReQuest)

[7,6,5,0],[3,2,1]

DACK(DMA Request Acknowledge]

[7,6,5,0],[3,2,1]

T/C(Terminal Count)


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ISA


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DMA


Pci peripheral component interconnect

PCI(Peripheral Component Interconnect)

PCI:

  • 33 , ;

  • 133 ;

  • 32-;

  • 32- (4 );

  • 3.3 5 .


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:

  • PCI 2.2 64- / 66 , .. 533 /.;

  • PCI-X, 64- PCI 2.2 133 ( 1066 /.);

  • PCI-X 266 (PCI-X DDR), DDR PCI-X ( 266 , 133 , 2.1 /);

  • PCI-X 533 (PCI-X QDR), QDR PCI-X ( 533 , 4.3 /.);

  • Mini PCI PCI SO-DIMM, , ;

  • Compact PCI ( ) , ;


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  • ;

  • ;

  • 32, 64 ;

  • ;

  • 133 / 4,3 / , 33 133 , 533 , DDR QDR;

  • , ;

  • ;

  • -;

  • ;

  • : , /, ;

  • ;

  • .


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IDSEL

.

.

IDSEL

.

.

REQ

.

GRN

PCI A/D, .

PCI, ISA


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PCI

  • AD[31-0] ;

  • C/BE[3-0] , ;

  • #FRAME ;

  • #DEVSEL ;

  • #IRDY , ;

  • #TRDY , ;

  • #STOP ;

  • #LOCK ;

  • #REQ ;

  • #GNT ;

  • IDSEL ;

  • PAR A/D, C/BE;

  • #PERR ;

  • #SERR ;

  • #RST ;

  • CLK .


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PCI


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Agp acceleration graphic port

() AGP(Acceleration Graphic Port)

AGP PCI.

32 /, 66

:

1. .

2.

66(2,4,8).

3. /-

.


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AGP

PCI AGP

AGP


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AGP1-266/

AGP2-533/

AGP4x-1066/

AGP8x-2132/


Pci express

PCI Express

  • ;

  • PCI Express, 3GIO (- ) Arapahoe, (3GIO PCI Express) PCISIG;

  • 22 2002 , - ;

  • ;

  • 0.8 . ( 4 ):


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  • ;

  • 2.5 (250 ) ( ), , , 2 (200 ) ;

  • 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 32 ( 6.4 , ). ( ) :


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  • , , , ;

  • , ;

  • ;

  • () .


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PCI-Express


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PCI Express. . . PC :


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() :


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:


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:


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HyperTransport


1 4 centronics rs232 scsi usb

1.4. (Centronics, RS232, SCSI, USB)


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: LPT-


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: -


Scsi small computer system interface

SCSI(Small Computer System Interface)


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SCSI

0

1

15


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Bus Free

Arbit-ration

Message In

Message Out

Selec-tion

Data

Command


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(message In/Out)

7

0

- 1

- 2

- 3

01h


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6 , 10 , 12

7

0

Op code

0

4

5

LUN

1

6 21

10, 12 32

2

LBA

3

6 1

10 2

12 4

Length

4

Control

5

10, 12 1


Usb universal systems interface

USB(Universal Systems Interface)


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. -

1

N


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. 4.10.


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. 4.10.


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1.5. -


Chipset

(Chipset)

- , -

-

: ,,, -.

:

.


Intel 440bx

Intel 440BX:

- -

c Pentium ll;

- EDORAM SDRAM;

- 64 , 66

100 ;

- PCI (33 );

- AGP1x/2x, 66/100 ;

- .


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i810:

- -

;

- 66 100,64 .;

- SDRAM 100;

-2/3 ;

- PCI 2.2;

- ;

- Ultra ATA/66;

- LPC(Lou Pin Count);

- ISA;


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-i925

- 533/800;

-

DDR333/400 DDR2-400/533;

-

PCI Expessx16;

- i915;


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ICH6

- 4 PCI Express x1;

- Matrix Storage-

Serial ATA RAID AHCI,4 ;

- High Defenition Audio-

;

- Wireless Connrct-

- 8 USB;

- 6 PCI Bus Master;

- 1 Parallel ATA;

- MAC Fast Ethernet (10/100/1000);


38 express

- 38 Express

- Cele-

ron,Pentium Core 2 c -

800/1066 1333;

-

DDR2-533/1066/1333;

- 2 PCI

Express2.0x16;

- DMI -2/ ICH9.


Intel ich9

Intel ICH9-

- 6 PCI Express;

- 4 PCI;

- 4 Serial ATA II, AHCI;

- RAID-

Matrix RAID;

- 12 USB 2.0;

-MAC- Gigabit Ethernet;

- Intel Turbo Memori;

- High Defenition Audi

- , .


3416694

-

-

- -

.


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