實 證 期 刊 閱 讀 報 告 EBM-style Journal Reading - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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實 證 期 刊 閱 讀 報 告 EBM-style Journal Reading. 報告人: PGY 夏紹剛 Email:143920@cch.org.tw 指導臨床教師:何昌益醫師 / 謝堯棚醫師 日期: 2009/10/29 地點:一般內科 82 討論室. Clinical Scenario (臨床情境). 個案為 73 歲已婚男性,有高血壓及糖尿病病史,右腳糖尿病足於 97 年 9 月接受高壓氧治療後痊癒,本次因雙足潰瘍已兩週入院,診斷為糖尿病足,右足壞疽嚴重經外科清瘡治療後,外科醫師建議 植皮 以加速復原,病人僅希望再次進行 高壓氧治療 不願植皮。􀇻.

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實 證 期 刊 閱 讀 報 告 EBM-style Journal Reading

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Ebm style journal reading

實 證 期 刊 閱 讀 報 告EBM-style Journal Reading

報告人: PGY夏紹剛 Email:143920@cch.org.tw




Clinical scenario

Clinical Scenario (臨床情境)

  • 個案為73歲已婚男性,有高血壓及糖尿病病史,右腳糖尿病足於97年9月接受高壓氧治療後痊癒,本次因雙足潰瘍已兩週入院,診斷為糖尿病足,右足壞疽嚴重經外科清瘡治療後,外科醫師建議植皮以加速復原,病人僅希望再次進行高壓氧治療不願植皮。􀇻

Clinical uncertainty pico

Clinical Uncertainty → PICO 問題

  • 對於糖尿病足部潰瘍患者,單純接受高壓氧治療相較於植皮是否仍有理想的復原能力?

Ebm style journal reading


Type of Question:Therpy

Search terms strategy

Search Terms & Strategy:(搜尋關鍵字與策略)

  • 資料庫: Pubmed

  • 搜尋日期: 2009/10/23

  • 搜尋關鍵字與隅策略:

    • 如圖表

Best available evidence

Best available evidence:(挑選可獲得之最佳研究證據)

  • Citation/s:

    A systematic review of the effectiveness ofinterventions to enhance the healing of chroniculcers of the foot in diabetes(2008)

  • Lead author's name :

    R.J.Hinchliffe, G.D.Valk, J.Apelqvist, D.G.Armstrong, K.Bakker, F.L.Game, A.Hartemann-Heurtier, M.Londahl, P.E.Price, W.H.van Houtum,W. J.Jeffcoate

The study 1

The Study: (研究效度)- 1

  • Prospective and retrospective controlled studies, publishedin any language, that evaluated interventions forthe treatment of chronic foot ulcersin people aged18 years or older with either type 1 or type 2 diabetesmellitus were considered.

  • Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), case-control studies,prospective and retrospective cohort studies, controlbefore-and-after (CBA) design and interrupted time series(ITS) designs were included.

  • MEDLINE (1966 - 2006)EMBASE(1980 - 2006)

    The Cochrane database of systematicreviews, and the Cochrane Central ControlledTrials Register (2006)

The study 2

The Study: (研究效度)- 2

  • One reviewer assessed all identified references by titleand abstract on the basis of patient group, interventionand outcome.

  • Full paper copies of identified articles werethen assessed for eligibility by two independent reviewers(agreement was reached).

  • Each included paper was furtherassessed by two reviewers, working independently, andinformation was extracted on study design, patient group,intervention, outcomes, duration of and loss to followup,using standard data extraction sheets.

The study 3

The Study: (研究效度)- 3

Each studywas scored for methodological quality using designspecificscoring, based on checklists developed by theDutch Cochrane Center(RCTscore:1-9).

The SIGN instrument : (1) RCTs and (2) studies withcase-control, cohort, CBA or ITS design. Studies werealso rated as: ++ (high quality with low risk of bias), +(well conducted with low risk of bias) and – (low qualitywith higher risk of bias).

The study 5

The Study: (研究效度)- 5

  • HBOtherapy6篇RCT(114 studiesidentified )

  • Bioengineeredskinandskingrafts6篇RCT(72 papers identified)

  • Level of Evidence: 1A(SRofRCTs)

The study 6 pico t

The Study: (研究效度)- 6本篇文獻的PICO (T)

The evidence 1

The Evidence: (研究重要結果)- 1

  • Systemic HBOthe patient spendingprolonged periods of time in a large HBO chamber

  • TopicalHBO inclusion of the affected footinto a sealed chamber containing hyperbaric oxygen(HBO)

The evidence 2

The Evidence: (研究重要結果)- 2

  • HBO-1

The evidence 3

The Evidence: (研究重要結果)- 3

  • HBO-2

The evidence 4

The Evidence: (研究重要結果)- 4

  • Bioengineered skin and skin grafts-1

The evidence 5

The Evidence: (研究重要結果)- 5

  • Bioengineered skin and skin grafts-2

Comment discussion 1

Comment & Discussion: -1

  • Systemic HBO may reduce the incidence of majoramputation. While further evidence of effectiveness andcost-effectiveness, is required from larger, more robustand blinded studies.

  • The benefit oftopically administered HBO is not established.

Comment discussion 2

Comment & Discussion: -2

  • Bioengineered skin products and skin grafts are widelyused in some areas, but their benefit has not been clearlyestablished.

  • Many clinicians will reserve the use of these relatively expensive treatments for ulcers that fail to respond to simpler approaches and yet bioengineered skin products have not been evaluated in such populations.

Comment discussion 3

Comment & Discussion: -3


關於自體植皮方面僅有一篇文章被選出,並且是兩種植皮方法的比較,故未針對植皮本身之療效進行評值,而結論提出植皮的益處仍未清楚確立,或許是因以其篩選之方法,目前關於植皮療效之文章之嚴謹程度仍未達其篩選標準(文章中僅聲稱Reductionoftissue oedema,Hyperbaric oxygen,Resection 有療效)

Comment discussion 4

Comment & Discussion: -4

回顧以(foot ulcer or diabetic foot) AND (skin graft or skin transplantation) 搜尋出的8篇相關randomized controlled trial文章中,雖大部分支持植皮之療效,但仍有少部份認為無明顯助益(2篇)。

(autologous dermal and epidermal grafts versusnonadherent paraffin gauze)

The autologous tissue-engineered treatment exhibited improvedhealing in dorsal ulcers when compared with the current standard dressing. Forplantar ulcers, the off-loading cast was presumably paramount and masked ornullified the effects of the autologous wound treatment.

Comment discussion 5

Comment & Discussion: -5


Ebm style journal reading

Clinical bottom line 臨床決策底線


證據等級1A, 建議等級B




  • 1: Belov VV: [Effects of short-term immunosuppression on the engraftment of skin transplants at syndrome of the diabetic foot]. Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 2007;166(5):32-5.

  • 2: Puttirutvong P. Meshed skin graft versus split thickness skin graft in diabetic ulcer coverage. J Med Assoc Thai. 2004 Jan;87(1):66-72.

  • 3: Caravaggi C: HYAFF 11-based autologous dermal and epidermal grafts in the treatment of noninfected diabetic plantar and dorsal foot ulcers: a prospective, multicenter, controlled, randomized clinical trial. Diabetes Care. 2003 Oct;26(10):2853-6

  • 4: Hanft JR: Healing of chronic foot ulcers in diabetic patients treated with a human fibroblast-derived dermis. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2002 Sep-Oct;41(5):291-9.



  • 5: Veves A: Diabetic Foot Ulcer Study. Graftskin, a human skin equivalent, is effective in the management of noninfected neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers: a prospective randomized multicenter clinical trial. Diabetes Care. 2001 Feb;24(2):290-5.

  • 6: Chang DW:Can a tissue-engineered skin graft improve healing of lower extremity foot wounds after revascularization? Ann Vasc Surg. 2000 Jan;14(1):44-9.

  • 7: Naughton G:A metabolically active human dermal replacement for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers. Artif Organs. 1997 Nov;21(11):1203-10

  • 8: Sabolinski ML:Cultured skin as a ‘smart material’ for healing wounds: experience in venous ulcers. Biomaterials.1996 Feb;17(3):311-20.


結 論 (標題 Title)


Update By(下次更新日期):

Oct. 29, 2010

Ebm style journal reading


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