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THz-Bridge-Workshop Presentation of COST 281: „Challenge through new technologies“ September, 30th – October, 2nd 2002 Palazzo dei Congressi - Capri - Italy. The „Research Agenda“. Emerging Technologies Current research activities Ongoing research and funding Actual state of knowledge
Presentation of COST 281:
„Challenge through new technologies“
September, 30th – October, 2nd 2002
Palazzo dei Congressi - Capri - Italy
Photon Energy (eV)
The „Research Agenda“
Medium Speed (GPRS/WAP)
High Speed (UMTS)
(Mobile Radio today)
What public is simply adressing? (1)
What research is there into EMF health effects?
How reliable is current knowledge?
What public is simply adressing? (3)
Are there health damaging effects?
should be to gather knowledge about influence and effects of EMF on human beings and environment to explore potential mechanisms.
EU: Fifth Framework
Examples for Research Initiatives
USA Air Force Office of Scientific Research
USAF RF Research Program: Biomolecular and subcellular RF bioeffects
5 Mio US $
National Research and Safety Institue Ministry of Health
National Academy of Sciences
National telecommunications companies
Human and Animal dosimetric and cancer studies
1 Mio €
University of Tokyo and others
Ministry of Post and Telecommunications
5,2 Mio US $
Funds spent for research (2)
Federal Office for Radiation Protection
Federal Ministry of research
Federal Ministry of economic affairs
Mobile phone health issues: Dosimetry, in vivo and in vitro biological investigations, epidemiology
Drittmittelforschung, Kolloguien, Seminare
8,5 Mio €
2 Mio €
5 Mio €
10 Mio €
Government and industry
Mobile Telecommunications and Health Research
10 Mio US $
Norwegian Cancer Registry
Health risks from military antennas and radars
2,2 Mio €
National Health and Medical Research Council
Research on mobile phone safety
4 Mio US $
Funds spent for research (3)
Source: „Bioelectromagnetics Newsletter“ and „Microwave News“
Fifth Framework Programme for Research (1998-2002)
Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources
KEY ACTION 4
Environment and Health
In 2001, a new COST programme was proposed to the European Union. This proposal, COST 281, concerning the „Biomedical effects of electromagnetic fields“ was adopted in March 2001 and should help foster research efforts in Europe. It is the continuation of the Cost 244 and COST 244bis actions.
More emphasis has been put in its third study periode on mobile communications since COST 244 was placed under the umbrella of the Technical Committee for Telecommunications of the European Commission.
Behaviour, Healing, Cancer?
Excitation, Proliferation, Activaton...
Thermal Interaction (non specific)
Non-Thermal Interaction (specific)
Thermal and nonthermal Interactions of
High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields
Animal (and Human) Experiments
Biochemical and Molecularbiological Investigations
Biological Effects of Radio Waves
Investigations on different levels:
For each emerging technology using well-established research methods
Increasing efforts towards basic research in order to gain compre-hensive knowledge of possible biological interaction mechanism
deals with the specific relevant issue
comprehensive understanding of biological coherence
for each new technology and applications new testing
takes time and efforts
Scientific Research at the Crossroads
Structuring of research projects:
It is of importance to determine, prior to experiments, the intentions of the studies and the working hypothesis on which they are based.
Biosystems in RF electromagnetic fields are a very complex research subject with a high degree of variability of the different experimental parameters.