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THz-Bridge-Workshop Presentation of COST 281: „Challenge through new technologies“ September, 30th – October, 2nd 2002 Palazzo dei Congressi - Capri - Italy. The „Research Agenda“. Emerging Technologies Current research activities Ongoing research and funding Actual state of knowledge

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slide1

THz-Bridge-Workshop

Presentation of COST 281:

„Challenge through new technologies“

September, 30th – October, 2nd 2002

Palazzo dei Congressi - Capri - Italy

slide2

The „Research Agenda“

  • Emerging Technologies
  • Current research activities
  • Ongoing research and funding
  • Actual state of knowledge
  • Priorities for further research
slide3

Non ionizing

Ionizing

300.000 km

300 km

300 m

30 cm

0,3 mm

0,3 µm

0,3 nm

Wavelength

Frequency

1 Hz

1 KHz

1 MHz

1 GHz

1 THz

1 PHz

1018Hz

Photon Energy (eV)

10-11

10-9

10-6

10-3

1,7

3,1

120

Micro-

waves

Infra-

red

x-Ray,

Gamma

Radiation

Static

Field

UV

ELF

RF

slide4

New Opportunities in Mobile Radio Applications

The „Research Agenda“

Medium Speed (GPRS/WAP)

  • Mobile Internet
  • Online Banking
  • Electronic Commerce
  • Traffic Information
  • Online Games
  • Live Radio
  • Music-Player and Downloads
  • Video Control

High Speed (UMTS)

  • Video Conferences
  • Video Consultation Hours
  • Films on Demand
  • TV live from all over the world
  • Video-Mail
  • Online Learning
  • Entertainment for Car Drivers in Traffic Jams

Low Speed

(Mobile Radio today)

  • E-mail
  • Messages (SMS)
  • Stock Quotations and News online
  • Phone Calls
slide5

What are the findings regarding EMF effects on living organisms?

  • Is there any proof of EMF effects on living organisms? Does research show how effects occur and how to access their health relevance? Is the overall impression given by findings explicit or rather contradictory?

What public is simply adressing? (1)

What research is there into EMF health effects?

  • Which evidence is given by different reseach approaches?
  • What is the extent of research: Compared to other research areas, are there more or rather less studies?
slide6

What public is simply adressing? (2)

How reliable is current knowledge?

  • Is present knowledge sufficient or are there still too many unanswered questions?
  • Where are gaps of knowledge and what should be the focus of research?
  • Does current research provide no/little/sufficient/complete safety regarding health protection?
slide7

Are present standards sufficient?

  • How are standards set? How are different sensitivity levels of people taken into consideration?
  • Are present standards sufficient?
  • How are standards adapted to the latest development in research?

What public is simply adressing? (3)

Are there health damaging effects?

  • Are EMF effects supposed to have no health damaging consequences at all?
  • Or are effects shown without definitely knowing about health relevance?
  • Or are health hazards supposed to be proven?
slide8

Aim of all Research Activities

should be to gather knowledge about influence and effects of EMF on human beings and environment to explore potential mechanisms.

Research Initiatives

  • Who is working on the EMF issue?
  • National research programmes and institutions
  • International EMF programmes
slide9

WHO: EMF Project

ICNIRP

EU: Fifth Framework

COST 281

FGF

Examples for Research Initiatives

slide11

2

Organisation

Project

Period

Budget

USA Air Force Office of Scientific Research

USAF RF Research Program: Biomolecular and subcellular RF bioeffects

2002

5 Mio US $

FRANCE

National Research and Safety Institue Ministry of Health

National Academy of Sciences

National telecommunications companies

Human and Animal dosimetric and cancer studies

per year

1 Mio €

JAPAN

University of Tokyo and others

Ministry of Post and Telecommunications

Epidemiological studies

2000-2001

5,2 Mio US $

Funds spent for research (2)

slide12

Organisation

Project

Period

Budget

GERMANY

Federal Office for Radiation Protection

Federal Ministry of research

Federal Ministry of economic affairs

FGF

Mobile phone health issues: Dosimetry, in vivo and in vitro biological investigations, epidemiology

Drittmittelforschung, Kolloguien, Seminare

2002-2005

1992-2002

8,5 Mio €

2 Mio €

5 Mio €

10 Mio €

UK

Government and industry

Mobile Telecommunications and Health Research

2002-2005

10 Mio US $

NORWAY

Norwegian Navy

Norwegian Cancer Registry

Health risks from military antennas and radars

2002-2005

2,2 Mio €

AUSTRALIA

National Health and Medical Research Council

Research on mobile phone safety

per year

4 Mio US $

Funds spent for research (3)

3

Source: „Bioelectromagnetics Newsletter“ and „Microwave News“

slide13

European Commission

Fifth Framework Programme for Research (1998-2002)

Theme 1

Quality of Life and Management of Living Resources

KEY ACTION 4

Environment and Health

slide14

KEY ACTION 4: ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH

  • Objectives and Deliverables are:
  • Reduction of health effects (including allergies) as related to environmental factors
  • Assessment and reduction of environmental health hazards
  • Support to health and environmental policy-making and public information
slide15

COST 281 – Participation in workshop

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

  • November 30th, 2001:
  • „Electromagnetic Fields and Health - Which Regulatory Framework for the European Community?“
slide16

Cooperation in Science and Technology

In 2001, a new COST programme was proposed to the European Union. This proposal, COST 281, concerning the „Biomedical effects of electromagnetic fields“ was adopted in March 2001 and should help foster research efforts in Europe. It is the continuation of the Cost 244 and COST 244bis actions.

More emphasis has been put in its third study periode on mobile communications since COST 244 was placed under the umbrella of the Technical Committee for Telecommunications of the European Commission.

slide17

Memorandum of Understanding – COST281 action

  • The main objective is to obtain a better understanding of possible health impacts of emerging technologies, that may result in exposure to electromagnetic fields
  • The MoU will remain in force for a period of 5 years
slide18

Total Body

Behaviour, Healing, Cancer?

Organ

R

Heating

A

(grad T?)

S

Functional alteration

y

r

Polarization,

t

Cell

e

-

Heating

m

o

r

i

s

c

(grad T?)

Excitation, Proliferation, Activaton...

i

o

M

d

h

Membrane

t

Polarization,

g

n

Phase Transitions

Receptor-Activation,Transport...

e

r

t

S

Atomar and

d

Molecule

l

Molecular

e

i

Reactions

F

Thermal Interaction (non specific)

Biological Amplification

Non-Thermal Interaction (specific)

Thermal and nonthermal Interactions of

High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields

slide19

Population

Epidemiological Studies

Individuals

Animal (and Human) Experiments

Cells and

tissue

Cell-biological Investigations

Biochemical and Molecularbiological Investigations

Molecules

Biological Effects of Radio Waves

Investigations on different levels:

slide20

Scientific programme

  • Monitor development of emerging technologies where major changes in public or occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields are likely
  • Investigate the possibility of health issues related to such exposures, and, where appropriate, define specific research efforts that may be needed
  • Evaluate the scientific basis for new exposure situation and/or health issues. Co-operation with other international bodies having similar aims will be important
slide21

Risk Assessment

Basic Research

For each emerging technology using well-established research methods

Increasing efforts towards basic research in order to gain compre-hensive knowledge of possible biological interaction mechanism

Advantages

deals with the specific relevant issue

comprehensive understanding of biological coherence

Disadvantages

for each new technology and applications new testing

takes time and efforts

Scientific Research at the Crossroads

slide22

Dissemination of the results

  • Workshops and seminars, where the target audience is expected to be primarily researchers
  • Newsletters and proceedings from these workshops, where the target audience is composed of researchers as well as representatives of national or local health authorities, industry representatives, consumer organisations etc.
  • A web-page, with primarily similar target audiences as above, but where the possibility of additional audiences should be encouraged
  • Summary reports and publications to policy makers, which should be made available also to the general public. In these summary reports , main scientific publications that has arisen from the Action will be listed and briefly described
slide24

„Experts“ who talk rubbish

  • Who is a so-called „expert“?
  • What is expertise?
  • Why is an interdisciplinary approach necessary?
  • Which role does media play?
  • What can public expect for the future?
slide25

Some Guidance for Seriousness in Research Reporting

  • Research is preliminary financed by the public(taxes, donation, gifts, voluntary contributions)
  • Research takes time
  • Research results must be seen very critically
  • Research results must be reproduceable
  • Pilot studies should be estimated as such
  • Research results must fit in a general overall understanding
slide26

Research requirements

  • Science cannot prove: there is no risk
  • Research should be of highest quality and directly relevant to human health
  • All studies should be done in „double blind“ manner
  • Single studies with positive effects should be bear replications
  • The dosimetry and exposure system should be clearly defined and it is a „must“ that the design and testing of the exposure systems is well documented
  • Experimental results and environmental factors should be monitored and controlled
  • All testing should be done against a well pre-defined hypothesis
slide27

Prerequisites for scientific work

  • Development of an evaluated database system for review and assessment of literature
  • Experimental set-up for studying electromagnetic alternating fields
  • Development of a guideline for experiments investigating the effects of high frequency EMF on biological systems
  • Quality assurements (oriented at GLP)
slide28

Prerequisites for scientific work

Structuring of research projects:

It is of importance to determine, prior to experiments, the intentions of the studies and the working hypothesis on which they are based.

Biosystems in RF electromagnetic fields are a very complex research subject with a high degree of variability of the different experimental parameters.

slide29

Conclusions

  • Thermal effects are well established and form the biological basis for restricting exposure to radiofrequency fields
  • The research agenda is not concluded
  • Further activities in research are needed
  • Research activities should be more coordinated
  • Judgement of scientific knowledge should be done more on international basis
  • The public should be adressed more seriously
slide30

For further informations please contact directly:

COST 281 Secretariat

c/o Forschungsgemeinschaft Funk

Rathausgasse 11a

D-53111 Bonn, Germany

Phone: +49 (0)228 / 72622-0

Fax: +49 (0)228 / 72622-11

E-mail: [email protected]

Internet: http://www.cost281.org

Forschungsgemeinschaft Funk

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