Sugarcane Biorefineries. The Stone Age did not end for lack of stone, and the Oil Age will end long before the world runs out of oil. Sheikh Zaki Yamani, Saudi Arabia oil minister. Integrated biorefineries. By 2050 75% of $2,000 billion chemical industry biobased
The Stone Age did not end for lack of stone, and the Oil Age will end long before the world runs out of oil.
Sheikh Zaki Yamani, Saudi Arabia oil minister
Renewable source of process energy is as important as feedstock in
developing bio-based products.
Sugarcane has a unique advantage through bagasse.
40 GJ 40 GJ
Chemicals Spot price
Ethylene $ 950/t
Styrene $ 1290/t
LDPE $ 1350/t
PP $ 1260/t
PS $ 1420/t
ABS $ 1600/t
18 GJ 27 GJ
$200 $400 ($600oe)
In conventional combustion engines,
no premium for higher purity
We are studying microbes as "programmable" manufacturing factories to make chemicals, monomers and polymers from different nutrient feedstocks. Current feedstocks for these materials are petrochemicals from oil. We are programming microbes to make very sophisticated polymer building blocks and molecules out of simple, renewable feedstocks, like glucose and methane.
Chad Holliday, Chairman & CEO – DuPont, Boston Chief Executive Club, Sept 99.