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Glossing. What is it?. Historically there was no written form for ASL. Only recently has ASL become a written language, though this system has not yet gained acceptance with all signers.

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glossing

Glossing

What is it?

slide2

Historically there was no writtenform for ASL.

  • Only recently has ASL become a written language, though this system has not yet gained acceptance with all signers.
  • Since ASL is not written, Deaf people have relied on the writtenformats of the spoken languages used around them.
  • A Deaf person in the United States signs in ASL but writes in English.
slide3

Over the years a written system has been developed by ASL teachers and researchers to translate signs into a basic form of English, this system is called glossing.

  • Using one language to write another has its limitations but doing so can be a quick way to convey concepts.
  • The first step is translating each sign into an English equivalent.
slide4

English Sentence:

      • What is your name?
  • ASL Gloss:
    • YOU NAME WHAT YOU?
  • Each glossed word is always written in capitalized letters.
you do
YOU DO…
  • Practice glossing one-word glosses:
    • Hello
    • Yes
    • Name
    • Tired
    • Deaf
    • Nice
    • Understand
    • Friend
    • Fine
    • Good
slide6

Many signs can’t be glossed using just one English word. Use hyphens between each segment to show a single concept.

    • Example: GIVE-ME
    • Example: DON’T-KNOW
you do1
You Do…
  • Practice glossing the signed words
slide8

Before glossing a fingerspelled word you will write “fs-” you capitalize the fingerspelled term but not the “fs-”

    • Example: fs-BUS
    • Example: fs-JOHN
slide9

Using the index finger to point to a person, place, or thing is called deixis.

  • Abbreviate this with IX, and follow with another gloss or name of person to whom you are pointing.
  • You can also add he, she, or it in lower-case letters after IX.
    • Example: IX-Mom
    • Example: IX-he
    • Example: IX-fs-JILL
you do2
You Do…
  • Practice signing the following glosses:
    • ME NAME fs-SARA. IX-he NAME fs-SEAN IX-he.
    • IX-she LEARN SIGN-LANGUAGE IX-she.
    • IX-he WANT MEET YOU
    • IX LAST NAME fs-COOPER IX.
    • fs-MARC DEAF. IX-he MY FRIEND IX-he.
    • IX-she NAME fs-TARA IX-she.
    • IX HARD-OF-HEARING IX.
    • IX-he BUSY IX-he.
    • IX-she NAME fs-RITA IX-she.
    • IX SICK IX.
you do3
You Do…
  • Practice glossing the following sentences.
    • He is Deaf.
    • She is Mary
    • He is confused.
    • She is Kelly.
    • He is hearing.
slide12

Glossing classifiers requires two parts. Gloss the classifier with “CL:” then add the concept described by the classifier in English.

    • Example: CL :Bent V “person sitting down”
you do4
You Do…
  • Practice glossing the following.
    • Motorcycle on a bumpy road.
    • Walking upstairs
    • Yesterday you got in a car accident
    • Walking away
    • Two people walking towards you.
slide14

When there are two or more parts to a single sign, use a + between each sign.

    • Example: SUN+SHINE
    • Example: MLK+DAY
we do
We Do…
  • Possessive signs like his, hers, its, and theirs have “POSS-” written before the sign.
    • Example: POSS-hers
    • Her book.
    • My favorite
    • His birthday is in February
    • Is this water yours?
slide16

Non-manual signals formed by the eyebrows, head, and lips must be included.

  • First, draw a line above the glossed sentence, followed by specific descriptions for the non-manual signal written above the glossed term that uses the NMS.

___confused___

    • Example: ME DON’T-KNOW
slide17

When the same NMS is used throughout a sentence, such as the WH-Face or the Question Maker, write the NMS at the beginning and end of the sentence.

whwh

    • Example: YOU NAME WHAT YOU?
you do5
You Do…
  • Practice glossing WH Questions:
    • Where?
    • What?
    • You live where?
    • Who?
    • You?
slide19

Raising they eyebrows to ask a yes/no question is written with a q over the gloss.

_q_

  • Example: YOU
  • WH questions are shown by writing wh or whq over the gloss.

_whq_

    • Example: WHERE
  • Write above the gloss the word mouthed by the lips for signs that have non-manual signals attached to them.

__cha__

    • Example: CL:CLAW
we do1
We Do…
  • Gloss the following adding Non-Manual Signals
    • Don’t
    • Don’t Understand
    • Hi
    • Mad
    • Question
    • Yes
    • Nice to meet you
    • Are you Kris?
you do6
You Do…
  • Insert the appropriate Non-Manual Signals into each glossed sentence:
    • WEEKEND DO-DO YOU?
    • YOU fs-CHRIS HUH?
    • TURN-OFF-VOICE
    • NO ME-NOT HEARING ME-NOT
    • YOU HUNGRY HUH?
slide22

Use the ++ symbol for the signs that are repeated or show a recurring action.

      • Example: MEET-MANY-PEOPLE++
  • Approach glossing as a labeling exercise: Label only what is signed and its corresponding non-manual signals.
  • Avoid adding English words that are not signed, like is and are.
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