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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم.

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

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: ( )


Rice nematodes

Rice Nematodes

  • . . /


Rice nematodes1

Rice Nematodes

  • . 2.4 2.4 .

  • 3.78 158 % . 2.40 4.09 71 % .


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  • . 700 .


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  • :-

  • Meliodogyne SPP , Pratylenchus SPP . , Tylenchorhynchus SPP., Hirschmaniella spp. , Aphelenchoides besseyi .


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() 15-35 . .


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  • (0.4 -4) (20-250) . . . .


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.

.

:

. .........


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,


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  • :-


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  • (1) Root knot

  • Root knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp.)

  • .


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Root-knot


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  • 25% .


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  • .


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:-

  • 25-27 9 40 .


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  • 2500 .

  • 70 M. arenaria , M. hapla , M. javanica , M. incognita .


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  • M. hapla M.javanica ,M. incognita - .

  • . .


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:-

1- :-

  • .

  • .

  • , ( ) , .


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  • giant cells , .

  • , .


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2- :-

  • , .

  • 40%.


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  • :- () .


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  • Sausage-shaped .


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  • ( ) ( 500 ) 15 40 7-10 .


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  • 4 .


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(2) Lesion nematode

Pratylenchus spp.

.

.


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  • Pratylenchus 166 P.penetrans,P.brachyurus,P.coffeae,P.vulnus,P.zeae


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- P.coffeae P.penetrans, P.vulnus .


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Lesion


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  • .


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( ) Pratylenchusvulnus.( )


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  • . .


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  • .

  • secondary organisms necrotic hyperplasia .


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Pratylenchusspp .


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3 ( ) .

40 .


3 stunt plants

3 - Stunt plants

  • Tylenchorhynchus spp. .

  • .

  • .


4 the rice nematode hirschmaniella spp

4- (The rice nematode )Hirschmaniella spp.

  • H. oryzae .

  • .


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  • 6 .


5 aphelenchoides besseyi

5- Aphelenchoides besseyi

  • :-

  • (2-5 ) .

  • flag leaves .

  • .


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Aphelenchoides besseyi .


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  • :-

  • 23 35 10 . .


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:-

  • 1- .

  • 2- .

  • 3- .

  • 4- 2-3 . .


Resistant not resistant

Resistant/Not Resistant


Solarization laying clear plastic

Solarization- Laying Clear Plastic


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  • .


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THANKS


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