Dramatic Techniques. What are Dramatic Techniques?. Dramatic techniques are all the devices a playwright uses to represent their ideas. You might also see them referred to as dramatic devices or theatrical techniques. Dramatic techniques include:. Staging and Stage Time Structure
Dramatic techniques are all the devices a playwright uses to represent their ideas.
You might also see them referred to as dramatic devices or theatrical techniques.
Shakespeare used very few stage directions.
There were no curtains and minimal costumes and props.
Characters produced a representation of characters and
events on stage. The actor must demonstrate the meaning
and action of the play through words.
Stage time is not real time. This reminds the audience that
they are watching a play, not real life.
As with all of Shakespeare’s plays Hamlet is
divided into 5 acts.
Act 1 – Character exposition
Act 2 – Conflict
Act 3 – Crisis
Act 4 – Counterstroke
Act 5 - Catastrophe
They are presented in a linear fashion and are
constructed by means of contrast. Contrast helps
to maintain suspense and audience interest.
Contrast is particularly offered via characterisation, for example the
parallelism of Hamlet, Laertes and Fortinbras.
Contrast between characters is structuring
device used by Shakespeare.
Shakespeare establishes foils to Hamlet,
that is he sets up characters who further
illuminate Hamlet’s character via contrast.
Humour is offered via such characters as
the gravediggers and Osric.
Hamlet ridicules characters such as
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern and we laugh
at the ironic statements of Polonius.