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Chapter 5: Ancient Egypt. Life in Ancient Egypt Lesson 2: Day 1 Work and Family Life. Work and Family. Specialized Jobs Farmer produce more crops, society’s economy expands, people learn to do jobs that do not involve agriculture. Scribes- people whose job it is to write and keep records.

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Chapter 5 ancient egypt

Chapter 5: Ancient Egypt

Life in Ancient Egypt

Lesson 2: Day 1

Work and Family Life


Work and family
Work and Family

  • Specialized Jobs

    • Farmer produce more crops, society’s economy expands, people learn to do jobs that do not involve agriculture.

      • Scribes- people whose job it is to write and keep records.

    • People took on new jobs when civilization became more complex.

    • Skills artisans erected buildings (houses, temples). Also created pottery, incense, mats, furniture, linen clothing, sandals, jewelry.

    • Traveled Nile, traded with other Africans.


Work and family1
Work and Family

  • Rulers and Priests

    • Divided government into 42 provinces.

    • Created an army to defend Egypt.

    • Being a priest was one of the most respected jobs to have in society.

    • Priests followed rituals, took care of temples.

      • Before entering temples, priests would bath and put on special clothing to honor gods.

    • Many jobs to do in temple; clean statues, changed statues clothing, fed them meals.


Work and family2
Work and Family

  • Rulers and Priests

    • Egyptians believed if the gods were angry, the Nile would not flood, and crops would not grow, resulting in people dying.

    • Priests worked to try and keep gods happy.

    • Hoped to keep together the social and political order.


Work and family3
Work and Family

  • Slaves

    • Bottom of society

    • People became slaves if they;

      • Owed a debt

      • Committed a crime

      • Captured in war

    • Freed after a period of time.

    • Slaves who worked in mines could not be freed, many died from exhaustion.


Work and family4
Work and Family

  • Life for Women

    • One of the best places in ancient world for women.

    • Men and women were fairly equal; equal rights.

    • Women could manage their own property.

    • Primarily took care of children, some worked with husbands in the fields.

    • Some women became government officials.

Queen Tiy


Work and family5
Work and Family

  • Childhood

    • Played with toys; marbles, dolls, animal figures, and board games.

    • Played physical games with balls made of leather or reeds.

    • Wealthy children went to schools run by priests and scribes.

    • Others learned parent’s jobs.

    • Married in their teens.


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