Kepemimpinan Dalam Keperawatan
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 29

Kepemimpinan Dalam Keperawatan Debie Dahlia, SKp., MHSM., ETN PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Kepemimpinan Dalam Keperawatan Debie Dahlia, SKp., MHSM., ETN. Background. Nursing, in any role, is a people business Nurses are becoming a part of a work group where members spend at least a third of their day interacting with each other

Download Presentation

Kepemimpinan Dalam Keperawatan Debie Dahlia, SKp., MHSM., ETN

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Kepemimpinan Dalam Keperawatan

Debie Dahlia, SKp., MHSM., ETN


  • Nursing, in any role, is a people business

  • Nurses are becoming a part of a work group where members spend at least a third of their day interacting with each other

  • Therefore, nurses must be prepared to use interpersonal, leadership, and management skills to be effective in their role as a provider of patient care

Management versus Leadership

What Is the Difference Between Management and Leadership?

  • Although the terms management and leadership are frequently interchanged, they do not have the same meaning.

  • A leader selects and assumes the role ; A manager is assigned or appointed to the role

Management versus Leadership

  • Managers have responsibility for organizational goals and the performance of organizational tasks

  • Managers, as a providers of care, supervise a team of people who are working to help patients achieve their defined outcomes

  • Leaders are effective at influencing others

The Functions of Management

  • Management is a problem-oriented process with similarities to the nursing process

  • Management is needed whenever two or more individuals work together toward a common goal

  • The manager coordinates the activities of the group to maintain balance and direction

  • There are generally four functions the manager performs: planning, organizing, directing and controlling

What Is Meant by Management Style ?

  • The management style in nursing practice vary from autocratic to laissez faire style

  • The autocratic manager uses an authoritarian approach to direct the activities of others

  • This individual makes most of the decisions alone without input from other staff members

  • The emphasis on the tasks to be done, with less focus on the individual staff members who perform the tasks.

  • On the other end of the continuum is the laissez-faire manager, who maintains a permissive climate with little direction or control exerted

  • This manager allows staff members to make and implement decisions independently and relinquishes most of his or her power and responsibility to them

  • In the middle of the continuum is the democratic manager

  • This manager is people-oriented & emphasizes effective group functioning

  • The goals of the group are identified, & manager is perceived as a group member who is also its organizer & who keeps the group moving in the defined direction.

  • In choosing a management style, the manager must decide on levels of control and freedom and then determine which trade-offs are acceptable in each particular situation.

  • Leadership, in contrast, is a way of behaving; it is the ability to cause others to respond, not because they have to but they want to respond.

  • Leadership is needed as much as management for effective group functioning but each role has its place.

  • The leader focuses a group’s efforts on indentifying goals and carrying out the activities needed to reach those goals.

According to Mannion (1998), the major differences between Manager

& Leader are:

  • Leaders focuses on effectiveness, and managers focus on efficiency

  • Leader ask what and why, managers ask how

  • Leaders deal with people and relationships, and Managers deal with systems, control, and policies

  • Leaders initiate innovation, and Managers maintain the status quo

  • Leaders look to the horizon, and Managers look to the bottom line

Surviving And Thriving As A Leader

  • The leader must maintain balance

  • The leader must generate self-motivation

  • The leader must work to build self-confidence

  • The leader must listen to his/her constituent

  • The leader must have a positive attitude

The Nurse as Leader

Professional nurse assume leadership in relationship:

  • With clients

  • With peers

  • With other colleagues

  • With political leaders

  • With public at large

  • To influence change and

  • To enable client to make

  • optimal choices for health

The Nurse As Leader

Leadership Within the Workplaces

  • Staff Nurse as Leader

  • Nurse Manager as Leader

  • Nurse executive as Leader

  • Nurse Student as Leader

    Leadership in the Community

  • Leadership is what gives nursing its vision and its abilities to transform clients’ health.

  • This transformation occurs through the leaders’ translation of vision into reality with clients.

  • In the transformational, the nurse leader is the coordinator of communication.

Role of the Professional Nurse as Patient care Managers/Leaders

Nurse enters



Nursing diagnoses



Implementing Intervention

Peran dan Fungsi Kepemimpinan Dalam Manajemen Keperawatan

  • Planning

  • Organizing

  • Staffing

  • Directing

  • Controlling

Leadership Roles in Planning

  • Assesses the organization internal & external environment

  • Demonstrates visionary, innovative, and creative thinking in organizational

  • Influences and inspires group members

  • Periodically completes value clarification to increase self-awareness

  • Encourages subordinates toward value clarification by actively listening and providing feedback

  • Communicates and clarifies organizational goals and values to subordinates

  • Encourages subordinates to be involved in policy formation, policies, procedures, and rules

Leadership Roles With Organizational Structure

  • Evaluates the organizational structure frequently to determine if management position can be eliminated to reduce the chain of command

  • Encourage employees to follow the chain of command

  • Supports personnel in advisory (staff) positions

  • Models responsibility and accountability for subordinates

  • Assists nursing staff to see how their roles are congruent with and complement the common organizational task

  • Facilities informal group structure

  • Encourages upward communication

  • Counsels employees who do not follow chain of command

  • Uses committees to facilitate group goals, not delay decisions

Leadership Roles in Organizing Patient Care

  • Periodically evaluates the effectiveness of the organizational structure for the delivery of patient care

  • Determines if adequate resources and support exist before making any change

  • Examines the human element in work redesign and supports personnel during adjustment to change

  • Inspires the work group toward a team effort

  • Examines the unit philosophy to ensure it supports any changes in patient care delivery system

  • Uses scientific research to support changes in nursing care delivery model

  • Ensures that nursing care delivery model advances the professional nursing


  • Plans for future staffing needs proactively

  • Uses the interview process as a means to promote the organization’s image

  • Periodically review induction and orientation programs to ascertain they are meeting until needs

  • Ensures that each new employee understands appropriate organizational policies

  • Infuses a team spirit among employees

  • Serves as a role model to all employees and a mentor to select employees

  • Observes carefully for signs of knowledge or skill deficit in new employees and intervenes appropriately


  • Recognizes each worker as a unique individual

  • Maintains a positive and enthusiastic image as a role model to subordinates

  • Demonstrates through actions and words a belief in subordinates that they desire to meet organizational goals

  • Understands and appropriately uses the informal communication network in the organization

    5. Appropriately observes and interprets

    verbal and nonverbal communication of



  • Encourages followers to be actively involved in the quality control process

  • Uses control as a method of determining why goals were not met

  • Supports/actively participates in research efforts to identify and measure “nursing-sensitive” patient outcomes

  • Uses the appraisal process to motivate employees and promote growth

  • Develops employee trust by being honest and fair when evaluating performance

  • Provides ongoing support to employee attempting to correct performance deficiencies

Thank You

Be A Good Leader



  • Login