Era of activism
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Era of Activism. I. Women’s Rights Movement 1. Feminism a. equality for men and women -political -economic -social b. By 1960 over 38% of American women had jobs c. Education -Percentage of bachelor degrees earned by women

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Era of Activism

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Era of activism

Era of Activism

I. Women’s Rights Movement

1. Feminism

a. equality for men and women

-political

-economic

-social

b. By 1960 over 38% of American women had jobs

c. Education

-Percentage of bachelor degrees earned by women

-1950 – 25%

-1970 – 43%

d. Impact of the Civil Rights Movement

-1964 Civil Rights Act

-“no discrimination on basis of sex…”


I woman s rights movement continued

I. Woman’s rights Movement Continued…

e. Women’s groups organize

-National Organization for Women (N.O.W.)

-Betty Friedan

-“equal opportunities for women…”

f. Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) (1972)

-“no state shall discriminate on account of sex…”

g. Roe v. Wade (1973)

-legalized abortion

-woman’s right to choose


Ii ethnic minorities seek equality

II. Ethnic Minorities Seek Equality

1. Latinos

a. Increased population

-1970 – 9 million

-1980 – 14.6 million

b. Movimiento Chicano

-Chicano Movement

-Education

-March 1968 “Student Walkout”

-10,000 Latinos demand equality in education.

-Migrant Farm Workers

-United Farm Workers (UFW)

-Cesar Chavez

UFW – union striving for better conditions for farm workers


Ii ethnic minorities seek equality continued

II. Ethnic Minorities Seek Equality Continued…

2. Asian Americans

a. Japanese Americans after WWII

-Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)

-Seek compensation for being interned (detained) during WWII.

b. Statehood for Hawaii (1959)

-Hiram Leong Fong

-Chinese American Senator

-Daniel K. Inouye

-Japanese American in House of Representatives

3. Native Americans

a. Snyder Act (1924)

-Citizenship for all Natives born in the U.S.A.

b. American Indian Movement (AIM)

-Alcatraz Movement (1969)

-“Preserve the little land we have left…”

-Native activists occupy Alcatraz

-Wounded Knee South Dakota (1973)

-Encourage improved treatment of Native Americans

-Attract national attention


Iii the counterculture

III. The Counterculture

1. Counterculture: AKA “Hippies”

a. Promote peace, love and freedom

b. Baby boom generation

-large number of students during the 1960s

c. Reject traditional norms and rules

d. Encourage change

-long hair

-colorful baggy clothes

-sexual revolution

e. The drug scene

-open experimentation:

-Psychedelic drugs

-Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert

-“LSD can free your mind…”

f. The music world

-music = free expression

-major music festivals

-Woodstock

-Altamont


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