Discovered in 1974 by a farmer digging a well, the terracotta soldiers are part of the burial of the first Qin emperor. The burial consists of four main pits that contain 8, 000 soldiers and horses. This is pit one, it has 6,000 statues. The army consists of archers, infantry and
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Discovered in 1974 by a farmer digging a well, the terracotta soldiers are part of the burial of the first Qin emperor. The burial consists of
four main pits that contain 8, 000 soldiers and horses. This is pit one, it has 6,000 statues. The army consists of archers, infantry and
Cavalry. The burial was an pyramid of earth. The top has been shaved off to reveal the pits. Excavations of pits two and three are still being done.
Statues in area for inspection and cleaning.
Archers stand ready to serve the emperor.
The statues have individual features and
Hairstyles. Hairstyles were based on the different
Provinces of China. Some figures wear hats or
Caps based on their region.
An infantry soldier sits in
Shifted layers of earth. Many
Soldiers exist in this state.
Statues would have been fully painted. The paint has faded over the years in the burial or it peels off when the statues are brought out of the pits. Today, researchers will treat the statues with a
Chemical before removal.
Style of armor and color of the tassels indicate rank.
Researchers have examined the remains of paint
On the terracotta soldiers. This has allowed researchers
to digitally color soldiers and to paint replicas.
Digital painted soldier
Recent finds in
The 1990’s reveal
Of scribes and bureaucrats
These statues shows a
Range of body styles and poses There are many satellite pits that contains entertainers, and animals
How soldiers are made
Wet clay is formed around a wooden armature to make
torso and arms.
Of armor are hand
Head are baked in ovens heated to1,000 degrees. Statues are baked for several days.
Hands are massed
Produced , then
Fitted to bodies.
They were exactly modeled after the real chariots, horse and driver, but made in half size.
In December 1980, archaeologists discovered a large pit holding two sets of painted bronze chariots and horses, 20 meters with the Emperor Qin’s tomb mound. When excavated, the chariots and horses were damaged into thousands
Restored first chariot and team.
Landslides and roof
Collapse have destroyed many figures
"Emperor Qin terracotta warrior and horses museum." pits of bronze horses and drivers. 31 Oct 2006 <http://www.bmy.com.cn/english/tcm/L30.htm>.
Mazzatenta, O. Louis. "China's Warriors – Rise From the Earth." National Geographic October 1996: 68 - 84.