Psychometric properties of the job search self efficacy scale
Download
1 / 18

Psychometric Properties of the Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 319 Views
  • Uploaded on

Psychometric Properties of the Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale. Investigators: Jeff Christianson Cody Foster Jon Ingram Dan Neighbors Faculty Mentor: Dr. Susan Lonborg. Purpose.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Psychometric Properties of the Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale' - emily


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Psychometric properties of the job search self efficacy scale
Psychometric Properties of the Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale

Investigators:

Jeff Christianson

Cody Foster

Jon Ingram

Dan Neighbors

Faculty Mentor:

Dr. Susan Lonborg


Purpose
Purpose Scale

  • To investigate the psychometric properties (I.e., reliability, validity) of a new measure of job search self-efficacy

  • Self-efficacy expectations: individuals’ beliefs about their abilities to “organize and execute courses of action required to attain designed types of performance” (Bandura, 1986, p. 391)


Social cognitive career theory
Social Cognitive Career Theory Scale

  • SCCT (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1996) is a leading theory of career development today

  • Three central variables:

    • Self-efficacy expectations (“Can I do this?”)

    • Outcome expectations (“What will happen if…?”)

    • Personal goals


Social cognitive career theory1
Social Cognitive Career Theory Scale

  • SCCT recognized for its attention to contextual variables (e.g., gender, ethnicity) and career-related cognitions that shape career choices and behavior

  • Numerous instruments for assessing career-related self-efficacy, including:

    • Occupational Self Efficacy Scale

    • Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale

  • No published instrument, to date, measuring job search self-efficacy


Job search self efficacy
Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale

  • Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale (JSSES; Kessler & Lonborg) developed for use in career services with unemployed workers

    • To date, no data on the psychometric properties of the JSSES

  • JSSES has potential to be useful in assessing college students’ self-efficacy regarding the job search process


Research goals
Research Goals Scale

  • Study 1: Develop a measure of job search experience

  • Study 2: Examine the reliability and validity of the Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale (JSSES) by examining:

    • Internal consistency reliability

    • Concurrent validity (e.g., comparing JSSES scores to those on other established career self-efficacy scales)


Study 1 procedures
Study 1 Procedures Scale

  • Job Search Experience Questionnaire (JSEQ, Christianson, Ingram, Lonborg & Foster, 2006) developed and pilot tested during Winter 2007

  • The JSEQ is an 24-item questionnaire designed to obtain information about previous job search experiences; for example:

    • “Have you ever posted your resume online?

  • After participants completed the JSEQ, investigators solicited suggestions for revisions in the instrument


Study 2 procedures
Study 2 Procedures Scale

  • In Spring 2007, we began investigating the psychometric properties (e.g., reliability, validity) of the Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale (JSSES; Kessler & Lonborg, 1994).

    • Job search self-efficacy defined as confidence in one’s ability to complete specific tasks related to the job search process

  • Because the job search process is an essential component of the development of young adults, the initial population for study was college students.


Study 2 procedure
Study 2 Procedure Scale

  • Design: Correlational research

  • Participants: 80 undergraduate students recruited through the Psychology Department research participation bulletin board

    • 21 males, 58 females, 1 unknown

    • Mean age: 23.01 years

    • 56.3% Caucasian, 8.8% Asian/PI, 5% Hispanic, 22% unknown

    • 12.5% FR, 13.8% SO, 30.0% JR, 37.5% SR


Study 2 procedures1
Study 2 Procedures Scale

  • Study instruments were administered to small groups of participants

    • Completion of study-related measures required 30-40 minutes of participants’ time

  • The SE instruments were counterbalanced to control for possible order effects


Research measures
Research Measures Scale

  • Participants were asked to read an informed consent form and complete the following instruments:

    (a) The Job Search Self-Efficacy Scale

    (b) The Occupational Self Efficacy Scale (OSES; Osipow, Temple, & Rooney)

    (c) The Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale (CDMSE; Betz & Taylor, 2001)

    (d) The Career Decision Scale (CDS; Osipow)

    (e) The Job Search Experience Questionnaire


Study 2 procedures2
Study 2 Procedures Scale

  • Participants were asked to refrain from placing their names on instruments to ensure the anonymity of the data

  • Upon completion of study procedures, participants were given written post-study information and documentation of their participation in a psychology research study


Results
Results Scale

  • Internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha)

    • Career Decision SE .90

    • Job Search Self Efficacy .97

    • Occupational Self Efficacy .93

    • Career Decision Scale .86

    • Job Search Experience .69


Results1
Results Scale

  • Concurrent Validity

    • Job Search SE / Career Decision SE .68**

    • Job Search SE / Occupational SE .40**

  • Other Correlations

    • Job Search SE / Job Search Exp .26*

    • Job Search SE / Career Certainty .24*

    • Job Search SE / Career Indecision -.23*

      *p<.05

      **p<.001


Discussion
Discussion Scale

  • Moderate, positive, and statistically significant correlations with other established SE measures provide support for the concurrent validity of the JSES

  • Cronbach alpha of .97 provides evidence for the internal consistency (reliability) of the JSES


Discussion1
Discussion Scale

  • Methodological Limitations

    • Small sample size

    • Need to replicate study with more diverse populations of adults

    • Job Search Experience Questionnaire is new instrument; currently lacks psychometric data

  • Methodological Strengths

    • College students represent an important population for study of job search SE

    • Counterbalancing order of presentation of SE measures

    • Use of well-established measures of career-related SE


Discussion2
Discussion Scale

  • Suggestions for future research

    • Factor analysis of the JSSES

    • Data collection at Career Center and at other universities

    • Data collection with other populations of adult workers

    • Examine possible gender differences in job search self efficacy, given previously observed gender differences in career self-efficacy


ad