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Distant Learning /E-learning = Open Learning? Chris Peeters ([email protected]) Librarian KdG Coördinator E-learning KdG The concepts Distance learning library services E-learning library services E-learning components

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Distant Learning /E-learning

=

Open Learning?

Chris Peeters ([email protected])

Librarian KdG

Coördinator E-learning KdG

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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The concepts

  • Distance learning library services

  • E-learning library services

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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E-learning components

LMS (Blackboard) CMS (courses, Learning Objects, E-articles and –books…)

Authoring Tools(Lectora)

LCMS

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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ContentManagementSystems

  • Used by content developers, designers and project managers.

  • To author learning content as learning objects, practice and assessment items, simulations and other learner interactions.

  • Store content in a learning object repository.

  • Offer content management tools (egs. search for learning objects, access rights and version control).

  • Used to deliver learning content in multiple format (e.g. eLearning, CD-ROM, paper-based materials and performance support).

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Learning Management System

  • Used by training managers, instructors and administrators.

  • To manage course catalog, schedule, student registration, and to capture learner profile data.

  • Stores data on courses and students.

  • Provides reports for training results and competency mapping/skill gap analysis.

  • Supports the launch to eLearning courses.

  • Shares learner data with ERP system.

  • Offers ability to create and administer tests.

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Traditional Library

Hybrid Library

Virtual library

Traditional classroom

Hybrid teaching environment

Virtual classrooms

Evolutions in Libraries//Evolutions in teaching

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Challenges for libraries

  • a demand of diverse educational opportunities (study landscape)

  • an increase in the number of unique environments

  • need for library resources and services at locations other than main campuses or at distance learning sites/home

  • demand for equitable services for all students in higher education

  • technological innovations in the transmittal of information and the delivery of courses.

  • the appearance and rapid development of the virtual or all-electronic university

  • what if the students never more set foot in the library?

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Challenges for e-learning

  • Prometheus E-learning Survey (Paris, September 2002):

    • creating good content

    • developing pedagogy

    • lack of integration with the information system

  • Equal access to technology

  • Who pays for:

    • Hardware/software

    • Network infrastructure

    • Communication infrastructure

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Challenges for e-learning: content

  • Developing learning materials in-house of buying content?

  • E-book technology needs some improvement

  • Licensing problems

  • Copyrights-problems

  • How to index information?

  • How to make effective use of content: problem of reusability

  • The problem of preselected or overpackaged courses

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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How can libraries cope with (some of) these problems?

  • Collection Services

  • Indexing Services

  • User services

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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A library: added value to an electronic learning system: collection services (1)

Library is a content-rich organisation, but moves from a content owner to a content provider

  • Publishers become librarians: academic libraries in competition with commercial (digital) information providers? E.g. Questia Media, Xanedu, Kluwer …

  • More information delivery directly from producer to end-user, without involvement of an information centre as intermediary?

  • Preselected and packaged courses from commercial vendors (NetG, Smartforce…)

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Do librarians know the e-library competitors ? collection services (1)

Bell (Educause 2001)//staff.philau.edu/bells/webpresent.html

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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How to cope with the commercial e-libraries or content providers?

Find out how competitors work, their offerings and pricing

Survey users and assess quality of services

Start by asking if patrons would “pay for it”

Web sites can be improved (e.g., “my library” sites)

Librarians know the curriculum, courses and assignments

Exploit resources which are unique to the institution and can be produced within the institution

Best is to look for alliances with competitors

Some competitor’s resources may strengthen collections

Library has to take lead in creating alliances

Challenge for consortia

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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A library: added value to an electronic learning system: collection services (2)

  • users become librarians: academic libraries in competition with other educational stakeholders within the institution?

    library has the primary responsability of content produced within the scholarly community (syllabi, readings, electronic courses…)

  • archiving electronic documents, courses, commercial course packs:

    OAI-repositories for learning materials

    Linking Content Management Systems to Library catalogues

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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A library: added value to an electronic learning system: Indexing services

  • indexing of learning materials: harmonising library metadata-standards (OAI-standards) and e-learning metadata-standards (LOM, SCORM)

  • promotion of interoperability between information systems

  • information portals (http:africaeducation.org/adl)

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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A library: added value to an electronic learning system: User Services

  • Access to library collections for distant learners:

    - passwords !

    - electronic equipment at home ?

  • ACRL: Guidelines for distance learning library services

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Guidelines for distance learning User Services

  • Assess the needs of DL

  • A written profile of the DL community

  • A written statement of the long-range goals

  • Incorporate DL mission statement into those of the library

  • Review collection development and acquisitions policies

  • Develop partnerships with computing services

  • Participate with teaching faculty in the course planning for DL

  • Provide continuing financial support

  • Assess the educational effectiveness of the libraries’ support to DL

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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A library: added value to an electronic learning system: User Services

New challenges for Information literacy-programs via distant learning:

TILT (Texas Information Literacy Tutorial)

http://tilt.lib.utsystem.edu/

Open Source!

CAVIA

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Linking the library to e-learning tools: Building Blocks Strategy

Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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Opportunities for coöperation Strategy

  • Coöperation within the institution

    • With computing services: ERP-solutions

    • With teaching faculty

  • Coöperation with other institutions

    development of consortia for sharing resources, provision of (inter)national degrees and programma’s, sharing licenses for Learning Management Systems

  • Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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    Conclusion: Strategy

    “Libraries must now turn their attention to defining their missions and activities in relationship to what is transforming them: the information technology revolution in teaching, learning and research” (Wendy Pradt Lougee, 2002)

    Libraries become “more deeply engaged in the fundamental mission of an academic institution i.e. creation and dissemination of knowledge”

    Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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    New roles (and competences) for librarians? Strategy

    Librarian

    Content Manager Knowledge Manager

    Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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    Distant Learning /E-learning Strategy

    =

    Open Learning?

    Chris Peeters

    Librarian KdG

    Coördinator E-learning KdG

    Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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    Bibliography Strategy

    • Libraries and distance Learning

      http://uviclib.uvic.ca/dls/bibliography4.html

    • ACRL - Distance Learning Section

      http://caspian.switchinc.org/~distlearn/

    • Open and distance Learning: Trends, Policy and stratgy Considerations (Unesco Document)http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001284/128463e.pdf

    Vlir-Workshop: Distant Learning - 17/02/03 - Chris Peeters/KdG


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