PLATO. Student of Socrates, Teacher of AristotleFrom the aristocracy; conservativeChose education as career when democracy replaced conservative governmentDistrustful of democratic government because of Socrates' convictionFounder of the Academy, an institution of higher education for males. Philosophical Ideas.
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1. OVERVIEW Plato, Aristotle, Quintilian
3. Philosophical Ideas Who should be educated?
In The Republic: Boys and Girls
In the Academy: Boys
Who should regulate education?
Believed in Innate knowledge
We are born with al knowledge & come to know through continuous quest for the good
5. The Republic: The Ideal State In order to have a harmonious state, one must have a just state
That state treat all equally
All citizens, male and female, should have the opportunity to be educated
How to ensure equally: All children would be taken at birth & educated by the state
8. Educational Questions Still Relevant Today Who should be educated?
What is equity in education?
How should we educate
What should be the curriculum
What is the role of censorship?
How do we educate for good citizenship?
9. ARISTOTLE Student of Plato who was a student of Socrates.
Father: Physician to King of Macedonia---privileged upbringing
Tutor of Alexander the Great
Father of Zoology
11. THEORY OF HAPPINESS How do we know if one has led a happy life? Only at the end because he said: “One swallow does not make a summer, nor does one day; and so too one day, or a short time, does make a man blessed and happy.” (Cahn, Steven. Classic and Contemporary Readings in the Philosophy of Education. NY: McGraw-Hill, 1997. p. 113)
Mortimer Adler’s essay on Aristotle’s Theory on Happiness will be provided.
12. Quintilian Established School of Rhetoric where boys began at 16 years of age
Renowned as an educator. The AEmperor Galba convinced him to come to rome to start a school and the Emperor Vespasian named him to the Chair of Rhetoric for the Empire