ALLERGIES
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ALLERGIES. The Participant will be able to Describe common signs of allergic reaction Recognize common causes and aggravating factors in allergic reactions Effectively implement Allergy Action Plan and Individual Care Plan. OBJECTIVES. Allergic reaction defined Causes of allergic reactions

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Presentation Transcript

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The Participant will be able to

Describe common signs of allergic reaction

Recognize common causes and aggravating factors in allergic reactions

Effectively implement Allergy Action Plan and Individual Care Plan

OBJECTIVES


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Allergic reaction defined

Causes of allergic reactions

Aggravating factors in allergies

Signs & symptoms of allergic reactions

Managing allergies in child care

Strategies for treating allergies including anaphylaxis.

Topics:


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ALLERGIES

An allergic reaction is an abnormal immune response to a substance that does not generally cause a reaction in most people.


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Symptoms of Allergies can be…

  • Mild

  • Moderate

  • Severe


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CAUSES OF ALLERGIES

INGESTANTS: substances that enter the body by mouth

INJECTED: enter the body through puncture

INHALANTS: the allergen is breathed in through the nose or mouth

CONTACT ALLERGIES: enter the body through the skin


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INGESTANTS

FOOD

Milk

Eggs

Peanuts & Tree nuts

Wheat

Soy

Fish & Shell Fish


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INGESTANTS

DRUGS

Penicillin

Sulfa

Barbiturates

Anticonvulsants


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INJECTED

Vaccines

Antibiotics

Insulin

Insect Stings


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INHALANTS

  • Pollens

  • House dust mites

  • Molds

  • Animal dander and saliva

  • Chemicals used in industry



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An allergic skin reaction from contact with a substance that is usually harmless to others.

Metals

Skin care products

Medication

Latex

Contact Allergies


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AGGRAVATING FACTORS is usually harmless to others.

Weather Changes

Second hand smoke

Heat

Cold

Infection


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Asthma is usually harmless to others.

Hay Fever

Eczema

Hives

Contact Dermatitis

Conditions Aggravated by ALLERGIES


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TREATMENT is usually harmless to others.

Avoidance

Medication

Allergy Shots (Immunotherapy)

Control of environment


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Policy Considerations is usually harmless to others.

Individualized Health Care Plan

Allergy Action Plan

Managing Allergies in Child Care


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ANAPHYLAXIS is usually harmless to others.

Life Threatening Allergic Reaction


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Anaphylaxis …test your knowledge is usually harmless to others.Truth? Or Myth

  • Anaphylaxis is Rare

  • The cause of anaphylaxis is always obvious

  • Anaphylaxis is always accompanied by hives

  • Anaphylaxis will subside in 1-2 hours


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Symptoms of Anaphylaxis is usually harmless to others.


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Anaphylaxis is usually harmless to others.

What You Should Do…


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Parent permission is usually harmless to others.

Physician written authorization,

An individualized written health care plan

One-on-one specialized training from the parent and/or health care provider

Medication available during field trips

Requirements for using Emergency Injectable medication


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Anaphylaxis is usually harmless to others.

TREATMENT


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American Lung Association is usually harmless to others.61 Broadway, 6th FloorNew York, NY 100061-800-LUNG-USA (1-800-586-4872)www.lungusa.org

Asthma & Allergy Foundation of America1233 20th Street, NW, Suite 402Washington, DC 200361-800-7-ASTHMA (1-800-727-8462) or 202-466-7643www.aafa.org

The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network11781 Lee Jackson Highway, Suite 160Fairfax, VA 22033-33091-800-929-4040www.foodallergy.org

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology555 East Wells Street, Suite 1100Milwaukee, WI 53202-38231-800-822-2762 or 414-272-6071www.aaaai.org

Centers for Disease Control and PreventionNational Center for Environmental Health1-800-CDC-INFO (1-800-232-4636) or 404-639-3534www.cdc.gov/nceh

Medication Administration: An

Instructional Program for Training Unlicensed Personnel to Give Medications in Out-of-Home Child Care in Ohio Student Manual

Resources


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