Laszlo varadi director research institute for fisheries aquaculture and irrigation
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Laszlo Varadi Director Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation. Key ISSUES AFFECTING PROFESSIONAL AQUACULTURE: Freshwater. Aquaculture production in Europe, 2005. Species composition in freshwater aquaculture, 2005. Trout and carp production 1996-2005. Key issues.

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Key ISSUES AFFECTING PROFESSIONAL AQUACULTURE: Freshwater

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Laszlo Varadi

Director

Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation

Key ISSUES AFFECTING PROFESSIONAL AQUACULTURE: Freshwater


Aquaculture production in Europe, 2005

Source: FAO Fishstat Plus, 2006


Species composition in freshwater aquaculture, 2005

Source: FAO Fishstat Plus, 2006


Trout and carp production 1996-2005

Source: FAO Fishstat Plus, 2006


Key issues

Environment , Resources

  • Freshwater availability

  • Environmental interaction

  • Introduction of alien species

    Market

    (competition with import; rising costs; processing; consumer’s needs; retailers etc.)

Regulations


Opportunities

  • Recirculation systems (ponds and tanks)

  • New type of production systems (e.g. CIE, PAS)

  • Integration into rural development

  • Predation control

  • Species diversification


Recirculation- and new type of systems


Freshwater fish production in recirculation systems, 2003

Source: O. Schneider, 2006


Species produced in freshwater recirculation systems, 2003

Source: O. Schneider, 2006


Production cost development in recirculation systems

Source: O. Schneider, 2006


Intensification of trout production in Denmark


Partitioned aquaculture systems


Special fish ponds for effluent control

Combined intensive-extensive system Constructed wetland


Integration into rural development


Role of pond fish farms in rural life

  • Fish production (fresh fish supply, employment)

  • Maintenance of wetlands (enhancement of biodivesity)

  • Contribution to regional water management

  • Shaping the landscape

  • Preservation of traditional values


  • Example of a multifunctional pond fish farm

    www.aranyponty.hu


    Structure of the farm revenue

    1000-2400 USD/ ha / year

    + 20-50% revenue

    100%

    80%

    60%

    40%

    20%

    0%

    Conventional pond farming

    Multifunctional pond farming

    Production

    Subsidyfor production

    Angling

    Tourism

    Subsidyfor nature conservation


    Predation control


    Predation control

    Extensive fishpond area: 20 ha

    pump

    pump

    Intensive ponds total area: 1 ha

    - Appropriate regulations based on international collaboration

    - Fish protection measures (scaring, fences, bird feeding ponds etc.)

    - Compensation of losses caused by protected animals


    Species diversity


    Species diversity in European freshwater aquaculture, 2005

    Source: FAO Fishstat Plus, 2006


    Cooperation of farmers is a key for success in the future

    THE EUROPEAN FISHERIES FUND 2007-2013

    3,849,000,000 EUR

    NATIONAL STRATEGY PLAN - OPERATIONAL PROGRAM

    Support of Producers Associations

    !


    Producers Associations

    • FEAP

      • ACFA- Position papers on freshwater issues

      • Projects (e.g. Profet and Profet Policy, Consensus)

      • Link with European organisations (e.g. FAO, IUCN)

      • Promote stakeholder consultation

  • Producer Associations in CEE countries

    • Strong associations in Czech R., Hungary and Poland, however weak or non operational associations in other CEE countries


  • Conclusions

    • There is a scope for reshwater aquaculture development in Europe

    • EFF provides good support for development

    • The period 2007-2013 should be the „period of innovation” (especially in NMS)

    • Producer Associations are important promoters of freshwater aquaculture development


    Thank you


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