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FILM TYPES AND FORMATS The Essential Reference Guide for Filmmakers Types of Motion Picture Film Camera Intermediate and Laboratory Print Camera Films Captures the original image.

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film types and formats

FILM TYPES AND FORMATS

The Essential Reference Guide for Filmmakers

types of motion picture film
Types of Motion Picture Film
  • Camera
  • Intermediate and Laboratory
  • Print
camera films
Camera Films
  • Captures the original image.
  • Negative film produces the reverse of the colors and/or tones our eye sees in the scene and must be printed on another film stock or transferred for final viewing.
  • Reversal film gives a positive image directly on the original camera film.
camera film color balance
Camera Film Color Balance
  • Camera films are balanced for 5500K daylight or 3200K tungsten.
  • Color films designated T are tungsten-balanced.
  • Color films designated D are daylight-balanced.
print films
Print Films
  • Print film is used to print both the first work print (when work print is being used) and multiple copies of the final edited version.

Color Print

Camera Negative

DIRECT PRINTING

Master Positive

Duplicate Negative

RELEASE PRINTING

film gauge
Film Gauge
  • Four common camera film gauges:
  • Super 8
  • 16 mm
  • 35 mm
  • 65 mm
image format and aspect ratio
Image Format and Aspect Ratio
  • Aspect ratio is independent of gauge.
1 37 1 and 1 33 1
1.37:1 and 1.33:1

Need to draw 1.33 dotted lines on this

shooting formats
Shooting Formats
  • 1.37:1
  • 1.85:1
  • 1.66:1 (red) and 1.78:1 (cyan)
4 perf scope
4-perf Scope
  • A scope negative and print. The entire area will become the 2.40:1 image when unsqueezed.
4 perf super 35
4-perf Super 35
  • The boxes in the images below show the aspects that can be taken from a Super 35 mm frame:

2.40:1

1.85:1

1.78:1 (16x9)

4 perf super 3518
4-perf Super 35
  • squeezed print of the 2.40:1
  • If shooting with a 1.85:1 aspect ratio, the image will also have to be resized to fit in a standard release format.
3 perf
3-perf
  • 1.85:1
  • 1.78:1 (16x9)
  • 1.37:1 (4x3)
super 16
Super 16

1.66:1

1.78:1 (16x9)

1.85:1

super 1624
Super 16
  • WHY SUPER 16?
16 mm
16 mm
  • Regular 16mm image on single-perf 16 mm stock
  • 16 mm image on double-perf stock
65 mm
65 mm

We didn’t use this picture here in the book, does it work?

choosing a film stock
Choosing a Film Stock

Suitability for

what are your shooting needs
What are Your Shooting Needs?
  • Where will your film end up? On film, or other electronic or digital format?
  • Are you working with daylight or tungsten lighting?
  • Unpredictable shooting? Low light conditions?
  • Do you need medium speed with better image structure?
  • High color saturation?
  • Blue screen work?
  • Lower contrast, more open shadows, softer look?
negative and reversal films
Negative and Reversal Films
  • Negative
  • Range of speeds/balances/ looks available
  • Latest emulsion technology
  • Wide exposure latitude
  • Fine grained and sharp
  • Processing widely available
  • Printing/scanning necessary to view
negative and reversal films32
Negative and Reversal Films
  • Reversal
  • Direct positive image
  • Brilliant saturated colors
  • Fine grained and sharp
  • Narrow exposure latitude
film speed
Film Speed

Film Speed

color balance
Color Balance
  • Daylight film exposed in Daylight
  • Daylight film exposed in Tungsten
conclusion
Conclusion
  • QUESTIONS?
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