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Диаграмма Робсона PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Диаграмма Робсона

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. ... .. ... ..



5


(M,Tg,Afr,Ecoh,Rh)

/

(,CED,Vf,FFV)

(d2, Tc, /k)

(P, D, S, 1,2, EP, ED, HS)




P=DS

T>Tg

S

D

T<Tg

H2, He, O2, N2, CO, CO2, CH4

H2S, SO2, NOx

H2O

NH3

CFx


,

Afr

Ecoh

Vf


(Ecoh=const)


Tg, oC



(M,Tg,Afr,Ecoh,Rh)

/

(,CED,Vf,FFV)

(d2, Tc, /k)

(P, D, S, 1,2, EP, ED, HS)


3585, , 1998

730

26

290

1200

,



-Si(CH3)3, -C(CH3)3, -CH(CH3)2, -C6H5

Afr

Ecoh

Vf



( )

Skin

l=0,2


Si(CH3)3

44

4,3

3,0

2,9

3,3

14

1,2

5,5

3,8

95

30

3,8

2,8

1,7


Tg, oC

P

Si(CH3)3


Tg, oC

P

Si(CH3)3



P(O2)=7700


-Si(CH3)3, -C(CH3)3, -CH(CH3)2, -C6H5

-CF3, -C(CF3)2-, -C6F5

Afr

Ecoh

Vf



Tg, oC

P

C(CF3)2


AF 2400

n=0.87

P(O2)=7700

P(O2)=1140


AF 2400


AF 2400

,



H2/CH4

99,9% H2

99% H2

90% H2

H2:CH4=1:1


H2/CO

99,9% H2

99% H2

90% H2

H2:CO=1:1


+



-O-, -CH2-, >C=O, -S-, -SO2-

Afr

Ecoh

Vf


P


6FDA

PMDA

Afr

Ecoh

BPDA

BTDA

ODPA


P

BTDA

BPDA

ODPA

PMDA

6FDA


H2/CH4


-O-, -CH2-, >C=O, -S-, -SO2-

,

-OH, -COOH, -NH2, -CN, -NO2

Afr

Ecoh

Vf


P


H2/CH4

-OH

-COOH

-NR

6FDA

-OCH3


P


O2/N2

-NO2

-CN


-O-, -CH2-, >C=O, -S-, -SO2-

,

-OH, -COOH, -NH2, -NO2

-Si(CH3)3, -C(CH3)3, -CH(CH3)2, -C6H5

-CF3, -C(CF3)2-, -C6F5



(M,Tg,Afr,Ecoh,Rh)

/

(,CED,Vf,FFV)

(d2, Tc, /k)

(P, D, S, 1,2, EP, ED, HS)


N


(M,Tg,Afr,Ecoh,Rh)

/

(,CED,Vf,FFV)

(d2, Tc, /k)

(P, D, S, 1,2, EP, ED, HS)


D =2(kT/h)exp(S#/R)exp(-H#/RT)

lnD =A+(Si#/R)-(Hi#/RT)

lnD =A+i

lnS =B+i

lnP =C+i


Y (P, D),

X i- ,

k i- ,

Q



X N .

N , n ,

n ,

n<<N.


H,

C(sp3),

C(sp2),

C(sp2, ),

O=, O,

Si,

Cl, Br, F,

N<, =S=, S


+ ()

  • +


+ ()

211

Vw=Vwi


( )

107

Vw=Vwi


(, )


-

  • (41)

  • FFV : FFV=(V-Vocc)/V, Vocc=iVwi

  • P : P=Aexp(-B/FFV)


X N .

N , n ,

n ,

n<<N.


3585, , 1998

730

26

290

1200

,


Pi, Di Ti

EP, ED

EP=aPlgP+bPED=aDlgD+bD

Pi, Di Tref

P(Tref), D(Tref)

Pi, Di Tref



+



. .



Q=M


P(O2)

-


. 81 .

H2:CH4=1:1

99,9% H2

-OH

-COOH


  • 81 , 88-


CO2 (35, p<10 .)



(M,Tg,Afr,Ecoh,Rh)

/

(,CED,Vf,FFV)

(d2, Tc, /k)

(P, D, S, 1,2, EP, ED, HS)


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