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Chapter 5

Print handouts

Select File, Print

Edit the following selections to read:

Select the OK button

Chapter 5

Multiview

Sketching

&

Projection


Orthographic projection
Orthographic Projection

  • A system of drawing views of an object using


Six standard views
Six Standard Views

  • Front

    • Usually shows most

    • If applicable – should show object in operating condition (I.e. car)


View placement
View Placement

  • Front view usually shows the most detail

Projection Lines

  • Why must views be arranged so that they align?


Revolving an object to produce the six basic views
Revolving an Object to Produce the Six Basic Views


The glass box metaphor
The Glass Box Metaphor

  • Imagine that the object you are going to draw is positioned inside a glass box, so that the large flat surfaces of the object are parallel to the walls of the box.

  • From each pointon the object, imagine a ray, or projector perpendicular to the wall of the box forming the view of the object on that wall or projection plane.

    • 2 horizontal planes ( views)

    • 2 frontal planes ( views)

    • 2 profile planes ( views)




Unfolding the glass box
Unfolding the Glass box

  • For

  • Imagine that the walls of the box are hinged and unfold the views outward around the front view.

  • This will give you the standard arrangement of views for



Chapter 5 27257
DEMO

  • If a point, line or plane is in one view, it must be in all the views.


Exercise
Exercise

  • Sketch Block_1 together

    • Need

      • HB pencil

      • Engineering Calculation Paper

      • Model

      • Access instructions (www)

        • eetsg27.bd.psu/~holidar

    • Sketch the border & title block

    • Sketch the object full scale

    • Center the views inside the border

  • Label

    • Views – TOP, FRONT, etc.

    • Size Description – dimensioning

  • Block_2

    • Sketch, full scale, 6 views, label appropriately, & dimension


Chapter 51
Chapter 5

Multiview

Sketching

&

Projection

Part 2


Necessary views
Necessary Views

  • A sketch or drawing should only contain the views needed to clearly and completely describe the object. Choose the views that show the .

One view drawing

of a shim

One view drawing

of a connecting rod


3 views most common
3 Views - Most Common

Three views necessary?

Which view could be eliminated?


Transferring dimensions
Transferring Dimensions

  • Mitered System

  • Dividers or Scale


Mitered system
Mitered System

  • Draw miter line at 45 degrees at a convenient distance to produce the desired view.


Mitered system cont d
Mitered System cont’d.

2

1

3

4

  • Project additional points, surface by surface.

1

1

3


Mitered system cont d1
Mitered System cont’d.

2

1

8

7

6

3

5

4

  • Project additional points, surface by surface.


Mitered system cont d2
Mitered System cont’d.

2

1

8

7

6

3

5

4

  • Draw the view locating each vertex of the surface on the projection and miter line.


Dividers or scale
Dividers or Scale

  • With folding lines

  • Without folding lines



Exericse
Exericse

  • Block_3

    • Sketch, full scale, 6 views

    • Label appropriately

    • Dimension

  • Block_4

    • Sketch 3 views

    • Do NOT label the views

    • Dimension


Chapter 52
Chapter 5

Multiview

Sketching

&

Projection

Part 3





Configuration rule
Configuration Rule

INCLINDED PLANES

EDGE

EDGE


Configuration rule1

EDGE

TS

EDGE

NORMAL PLANE

Configuration Rule

OBLIQUE PLANE

? PLANE

EDGE


Configuration rule2
Configuration Rule

? PLANE

  • Is this one correct?


Points lines planes
Points, Lines & Planes

  • If all else fails,

    • Break the object down to simpler shapes

    • Locate the height, width and depth of each point.



Exercise2
Exercise

  • Sketch 3 views and dimension Blocks_5 - 20


Chapter 53
Chapter 5

Multiview

Sketching

&

Projection

Part 4



Center lines1
Center Lines

HOW MANY CENTER LINES MISTAKES?


Center lines2
Center Lines

  • ¼” past the end of the hole and/or cylinder

End of cylinder

End of hole


Precedence of lines
Precedence of Lines

HIDDEN LINES TAKE PRECEDENCE OVER

OBJECT LINES TAKE PRECEDENCE OVER



Projection of an object2
Projection of an Object

POOR PRACTICE

PREFFERED


Projection of an object3
Projection of an Object

POOR PRACTICE

PREFFERED PRACTICE


Exercise3
Exercise

  • Sketch 3 views and dimension Blocks_21 - 29


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