Aldehydes and ketones carbonyl compounds
Download
1 / 49

Aldehydes and Ketones - carbonyl compounds - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 477 Views
  • Updated On :

Aldehydes and Ketones - carbonyl compounds. carbonyl group - structure, bonding and physical properties. Review of methods of preparation of aldehydes and ketones. hydration of alkynes Friedel-Crafts acylation of aromatic compounds. Overview of reactions of carbonyl compounds.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Aldehydes and Ketones - carbonyl compounds' - emily


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Aldehydes and ketones carbonyl compounds l.jpg
Aldehydes and Ketones - carbonyl compounds

  • carbonyl group -

  • structure, bonding and physical properties


Review of methods of preparation of aldehydes and ketones l.jpg
Review of methods of preparation of aldehydes and ketones

  • hydration of alkynes

  • Friedel-Crafts acylation of aromatic compounds


Overview of reactions of carbonyl compounds l.jpg
Overview of reactions of carbonyl compounds

  • reduction to alcohols

  • addition of organometallic reagents

  • addition of oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus nucleophiles

  • reduction of carbonyl to methylene (Clemmensen or Wolff-Kishner)




Synthesis of alcohols l.jpg
Synthesis of Alcohols

  • Reduction of Carbonyl Compounds


Slide7 l.jpg

Synthesis of Alcohols

Reduction of Carbonyl Compounds


Slide8 l.jpg

Synthesis of Alcohols

Reduction of Carbonyl Compounds

H2/cat., NaBH4, LiAlH4













Addition of ammonia and amines imine and enamine formation l.jpg
Addition of ammonia and amines: imine and enamine formation













Reduction of carbonyls to alkanes l.jpg
Reduction of carbonyls to alkanes

  • Clemmensen reduction

  • Wolff-Kishner reduction

  • Desulfurization of thioketals



Nucleophilic addition to a b unsaturated carbonyls45 l.jpg
Nucleophilic Addition to a,b-Unsaturated Carbonyls

  • Strong nucleophiles add 1,2

  • kinetic control

  • Weaker nucleophiles add 1,4

  • thermodynamic control






ad