Special Education 101. A teachers guide to basic understanding of special education. Congratulations and Welcome to SFDRCISD!. “The secret of education lies in respecting the pupil.” Ralph Waldo Emerson. List of Included Documents. Acronyms and Common Terms
A teachers guide to basic understanding of special education.
“The secret of education lies in respecting the pupil.”
Ralph Waldo Emerson
This federal law grants children with disabilities the right to receive a “Free Appropriate Public Education” (FAPE).
IDEA lays out the minimum requirements that each state must meet in order to receive federal special education funds.
What are the 4 parts of IDEA/IDEIA?
This occurs when someone believes that a student has a disability AND needs special education or related services to be involved in and make progress in the general education curriculum.
What follows is a referral for an individualized initial evaluation that is initiated either because the child is:
a. Not developing at the same rate or sequence as other children
b. Experiencing unusual or prolonged difficulties with general education curriculum and instruction; varied interventions strategies have been tried(RTI) and documented before request is initiated.
An early intervention model for addressing the learning needs of all students through a continuum of services.
RtI services should include:
Under IDEIA, students who are at risk should receive RtI interventions before a referral to special education can be considered.
Why??? To cut down on the number of referrals to special education for students who have NOT received adequate instruction in the general education setting. (NCLB)
IDEA says the school must give parents a notice explaining the procedural safeguards available to parents (their rights) at least one time per year.
The student is evaluated using a variety of assessment tools and strategies to gather relevant functional, academic and developmental information, including information provided by the parent, that may assist in making a determination of……
…whether the child meets the federal definition of a “child with a disability”
…the content of the child’s IEP, including information related to enabling the child to be involved in and progress in the general curriculum or, for preschool children, to participate in appropriate activities
In Texas, we call the meetings that determine the special education supports and services of a student, an ARD. ARD is an acronym for Admission, Review and Dismissal. Other states call these meetings IEP meetings.
This step should begin at least 4 to 6 weeks before the next scheduled annual ARD/IEP meeting.
This is the name of the team that meets at least annually to:
Annual review of a student’s special education program includes a review of the following:
Decision makers which include the following:
Practices and procedures that allow students with disabilities to learn, have access to, and be tested on the same curriculum as students without disabilities.
Accommodations do not change what the student is expected to learn but rather how he/she learns the curriculum.
Providing accommodations during instruction and assessment may also promote equal access to the general curriculum.
A change in what the student is expected to learn that is different from the general education curriculum (TEKS).
Modifications are only for students with an IEP. Not all students with an IEP need modifications.
The curriculum is adjusted or reduced. The achievement standard is lowered.
Requires participation in state wide and district wide assessments.
Requires necessary accommodations.
How many are there?
Will I ever remember them all?
“I’ve come to a frightening conclusion that I am the decisive element in the classroom. It’s my personal approach that creates the climate. It’s my daily mood that makes the weather. As a teacher, I possess a tremendous power to make a child’s life miserable or joyous. I can humiliate or humor, hurt or heal. In all situations, it is my response that decides whether a crisis will be escalated or de-escalated and a child humanized or dehumanized.”