Brain Death & Ethical issues. Dr. Ashraf Hussain. overview. What is death? History of death Clinical death, brain death Islamic perspective of death Ethical issues. When a human being is dead? Why it is important?.
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Dr. Ashraf Hussain
Death is a process not an event the time of person’s death less simple than it used to be
In 14th century
written on mirrors in invisible ink (silver nitrate)
Decomposed body produced hydrogen sulfide, writing became visible as silver sulfide was produced
“I am dead”
If death was misdiagnosed
By French physician
“…I know when one is dead, and when one lives. She is dead as earth. Lend me a looking glass. If that her breath will mist or stain the stone, why then she lives”
King Lear; Act V, Scene III
In beginning of 20th century
Cessation of blood circulation and breathing
(C.K. Parikh; Text book of forensic medicine and toxicology)
Most serious brain injuries begin with a coma
Irreversible loss of the clinical function of the whole brain:
Prognosis is determined by the
Jean-Dominique Bauby describing his experience in The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, a book dictated entirely by eye movements
Can we cease our medical efforts to keep alive some one who is brain dead?
(Acdemy of Islamic jurisprudence, Jordan1986}