Water scarcity and the prospect of national and international water wars conflict
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Water Scarcity and the Prospect of National and International Water Wars/Conflict . Geovanny Perez Department of Sociology University of Florida. To Start Thinking About Water…. In what ways is water used by our society and by you in your personal lives?. Some Terms.

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Water scarcity and the prospect of national and international water wars conflict

Water Scarcity and the Prospect of National and International Water Wars/Conflict

Geovanny Perez

Department of Sociology

University of Florida


To start thinking about water

To Start Thinking About Water…

  • In what ways is water used by our society and by you in your personal lives?


Some terms

Some Terms

  • Water shortage is used to describe an absolute shortage where levels of available water do not meet certain defined minimum requirements. The actual quantity that determines a per capita minimum may differ from place to place.

  • Water scarcity is a more relative concept describing the relationship between demand for water and its availability. The demands may vary considerably between different countries and different regions within a given country depending on the sectoral usage of water. A country with a high industrial demand or which depends on large scale irrigation will therefore be more likely to experience times of scarcity than a country with similar climatic conditions without such demands.

  • Water stress is the symptomatic consequence of scarcity which may manifest itself as increasing conflict over sectoral usage, a decline in service levels, crop failure, food insecurity etc.. This term is analogous to the common use of the term "drought".

  • Water security is a situation of reliable and secure access to water over time. It does not equate to constant quantity of supply as much as predictability, which enables measures to be taken in times of scarcity to avoid stress.

  • Source: The African Water Page


Some terms1

Some Terms

  • Water shortage is used to describe an absolute shortage where levels of available water do not meet certain defined minimum requirements. The actual quantity that determines a per capita minimum may differ from place to place.


Some terms2

Some Terms

  • Water scarcitydescribes the relationship between demand for water and its availability. The demands from country to country and region to region depends on the sectoral usage of water. A country with a high industrial demand or which depends on large scale irrigation will therefore be more likely to experience times of scarcity than a country with similar climatic conditions without such demands.


Some terms3

Some Terms

  • Water stress is the symptomatic consequence of scarcity which may manifest itself as increasing conflict over sectoral usage, a decline in service levels, crop failure, food insecurity etc.. This term is analogous to the common use of the term "drought."


Some terms4

Some Terms

  • Water security is a situation of reliable and secure access to water over time. It does not equate to constant quantity of supply as much as predictability, which enables measures to be taken in times of scarcity to avoid stress.


Over population and or social structure

Over Population and/or Social Structure?

Source: Pacific Institute


Over population and or social structure1

Over Population and/or Social Structure?


Over population and or social structure2

Over Population and/or Social Structure?


Use of water in u s 2005

Use of Water in U.S. (2005)


Water wars water conflict

Water Wars, Water Conflict

  • The Middle East stands at the precipice of another major natural resource crisis. Before the twenty-first century, the struggle over limited and threatened water resources could sunder already fragile ties among regional states and lead to unprecedented upheaval within the area. -- Joyce Starr and Daniel Stoll of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington DC


Water wars water conflict1

Water Wars, Water Conflict

  • …many of the wars of this century were about oil. . . wars of the next century will be over water….Efforts to manipulate the global supply of petroleum have been a leading phenomenon of the final decades of the 20th century. Control of the sources of fresh water could be equally significant in the opening decades of the next. -- World Bank Vice-President Ismail Serageldin (1995)


Water wars water conflict2

Water Wars, Water Conflict

  • Water scarcity is not a product of supply not meeting demand at national levels, “but of uneven patterns of economic development and relentless transformations in human–nature relations, that are amongst the defining characteristics of modern industrialism and capitalism.” – Jan Selby, “Oil and Water: The Contrasting Anatomies of Resource Conflicts”


Water conflicts in the u s

Water Conflicts in the U.S.

  • Great Lakes region, the rest of the U.S.

  • Maryland vs. Washington, D.C.

  • Alabama, Florida vs. Georgia

  • Areas in Florida North of Orlando vs. the rest of Florida


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