Vocabulary
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Vocabulary. Text structures and paragraph order Quiz date ______________________. Text structure. Text structure refers to the ways that authors organize information in text. . **sequence.

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Vocabulary

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Vocabulary

Vocabulary

Text structures and paragraph order

Quiz date ______________________.


Text structure

Text structure

  • Text structure refers to the ways that authors organize information in text.


Sequence

**sequence

  • Similar to chronological, but is more of a step by step pattern. Items are listed in the order in which they occurred or in a specifically planned order in which they must develop. In this case, the order is important and changing it would change the meaning.

  • Signal words often used for chronological order or sequence are:

    first, second, third

    until etc.

    at last

    before, after

    next

    when

    later


Cause effect

**Cause/effect

  • In this pattern, one item is showed as having produced another element. An event (effect) is said to have happened because of some situation or circumstance (cause). The cause (the action) stimulates the event, or effect (the outcome).

  • Signal words often used for cause and effect are:

    for this reason

    hence

    consequently

    because

    on that account

    made


Compare contrast

**Compare/contrast

  • Items are related by the comparisons (similarities) that are made or by the contrasts (differences) that are presented. The author's purpose is to show similarities and differences.

  • Signal words often used for comparison-contrast are:

    similar, different

    bigger than, smaller

    on the other hand

    than

    but

    in the same way

    however

    parallels


Problem solution

**Problem/solution

  • divides information into two main sections, one that describes a problem and one that describes a solution. This pattern is typically used in persuasive writing

  • Signal words:

    problem is

    dilemma is

    if/then

    because

    so that

    question/answer

    puzzle is solved


Descriptive

**Descriptive

  • Provide specific details about what something looks, smells, tastes, sounds, or feels like. Organize spatially, in order of appearance, or by topic

  • Signal words:

    for example

    characteristics

    for instance

    such as

    is like

    including

    to illustrate


Chronological order

Chronological order

  • Arranges information according to a progression of time. Works best when a topic is understood in terms of different segments of time.

  • For example, topics of an historical nature are best organized using this pattern.

  • Another example of this pattern is "past-present-future" or" before-during-after" segments.


Spatial order

Spatial order

  • a method of organization in which details are presented as they are (or were) located in space--such as, from left to right or from top to bottom


Order of importance

Order of importance

  • the arrangement of details or ideas in order of increasing importance or force: the principle of saving the best for last.


Topical

Topical

  • Arranges information according to different sub-topics within a larger topic, or the "types" of things that fall within a larger category. Using this pattern, each "type" represents a main section of information.

  • Example – a paper written on different types of dog breeds

    • Can sometimes be similar to descriptive


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