Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues
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Trends, Obstacles, and Opportunities Affecting Instream Flow Issues. by Tom Annear, Wyoming Game & Fish Department Nina Burkardt, U. S. Geological Survey. Easy. What is success?. Failure ?. Success?. Success as a level of flow protection. Full ecosystem protection

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Trends, Obstacles, and Opportunities Affecting Instream Flow Issues

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Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

Trends, Obstacles, and OpportunitiesAffecting Instream Flow Issues

by

Tom Annear, Wyoming Game & Fish Department

Nina Burkardt, U. S. Geological Survey


Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

Easy


What is success

What is success?


Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

Failure ?

Success?


Success as a level of flow protection

Success as a level of flow protection

  • Full ecosystem protection

  • Comprehensive ecologically based management

  • Partial ecologically based management

  • Threshold level protection

  • No formal flow protection


Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

Full Ecosystem Protection

Comprehensive Protection

Partial Protection

Threshold Protection

River systems were built and are maintained by different magnitudes of discharge occurring over time and space.(Hill et al. 1991)


Protection vs restoration

Protection vs. Restoration


Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

Protection

(top-down flow)

Full Ecosystem Protection

Comprehensive Protection

Partial Protection

Threshold Protection

River systems were built and are maintained by different magnitudes of discharge occurring over time and space.(Hill et al. 1991)


Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

Restoration

(bottom-up flow)

Full Ecosystem Protection

Comprehensive Protection

Partial Protection

Threshold Protection

River systems were built and are maintained by different magnitudes of discharge occurring over time and space.(Hill et al. 1991)


Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

  • Maximum flow

Minimum flow

How much?


International instream flow program initiative

International Instream Flow Program Initiative

Tom Annear, Project Manager

Del Lobb, Midwest Coordinator

Chuck Coomer, Southeast Coordinator

Mark Woythal, Northeast Coordinator

Charles Hendry, Canadian Coordinator

Kathleen Williams, Project Coordinator

Christopher Estes, Advisor


Project features

Project Features

State and provincial F & W agencies

Funded with USFWS Multi-State Conservation Program Grant

2006 – 2008 (+)


Project goal

Project Goal

… (identify) trends and opportunities that will help state and provincial fishery and wildlife management agencies develop, maintain, or improve the effectiveness of their instream flow / water management activities and programs.


Project elements

Project Elements

  • Agency surveys – 2006-2007

    • Part 1: Consistency and trends with IFC policies

    • Part 2: Effectiveness of flow activities

  • Post-survey workshop – October 2007

    • Agency strategies

  • Final report – winter 2009 (www.instreamflowcouncil.org)


Project scope

Project Scope

  • Legal elements

  • Public involvement

  • Institutional elements

  • Technical tools (methods)


Institutional structure

Institutional Structure


Are instream flow water management issues recognized in strategic planning documents

Are instream flow / water management issues recognized in strategic planning documents?


Are water assessment tools used to prioritize water bodies in need of protection

Are water assessment tools used to prioritize water bodies in need of protection?


Legal opportunities state and provincial

Legal Opportunities(State and Provincial)


Most effective tools

Most Effective Tools

  • Reservoir management agreements

  • Detailed environmental studies

  • Hydro (FERC) licensing / re-licensing

  • 401 water quality certification

  • Federal endangered species programs


Top agency needs

Top Agency Needs

  • More supportive regulations and policies

  • More staff (lack of expertise)

  • More actively supportive public

  • More supportive laws (insufficient laws)

  • More knowledgeable public (insufficient public values)


Workshop results drivers and strategies

Workshop Results (Drivers and Strategies)

  • Legal

  • Institutional

  • Public Involvement


Legal

Legal

  • Driver: Policies, laws, and regulations don’t recognize or allow ecologically based flow regimes.

    • Update documents that identify state and federal legal opportunities

    • Frame a comprehensive model for states that can serve as a guide for developing or improving legal and institutional approaches


Institutional

Institutional

  • Driver: Many state fish & wildlife agencies lack instream flow program priorities.

    • Work through AFWA to increase awareness

    • Work to increase awareness on individual agencies (by IFC and others)


Public involvement

Public Involvement

  • Driver - The public is not sufficiently knowledgeable of instream issues or supportive of instream values.

    • Define the audience / Refine the message

    • Make water messaging part of I&E effort


Public involvement1

Public Involvement

  • Driver – State agencies don’t collaborate and partner enough with NGO’s and other stakeholders on water issues.

    • Engage NGO’s and others (including water users) to communicate instream flow problems and solutions to policy makers


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Define success (goal)

  • Integrate key elements

    • Science

    • Institutional

    • Public involvement

    • Legal


Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

"Obstacles are those frightful things you see when you take your eyes off your goal." Henry Ford (1863-1947)


Trends obstacles and opportunities part ii

Trends, Obstacles, and Opportunities, Part II

Pre-Conference Survey


Online pre conference survey

Online pre-conference survey

  • All registered attendees invited to respond

  • Seven main questions and 1 “bonus” question.

  • Response rate: 57%


Who responded

Who responded?


Employment sector

Employment sector


Profession

Profession?


Trends obstacles and opportunities affecting instream flow issues

Top impediments, by sector


Top contributors to instream flow problem solving success

Top contributors to instream flow problem solving success

  • All needed stakeholders are at the table and committed to the process (51%)

  • There is strong legal and policy support for enhanced ecological flows (33%)

  • There is political support for the solution (33%)


Top contributors to instream flow problem solving failure

Top contributors to instream flow problem solving failure

  • Insufficient legal or policy support for the ecological protection/restoration desired (58%)

  • Participants are too unwilling to compromise (43%)

  • Needed stakeholders are not sufficiently involved or do not participate consistently (40%)


Suggestions

Suggestions

  • Strengthen laws and policies

  • Communicate

  • Engage the public

  • Improve the science

  • Agencies need resources


First conduct research

First: Conduct research

  • Multi-disciplinary

  • Include local knowledge

  • Include stakeholders early

    • Tension between scientists and other stakeholders

    • Varying opinions about the level of authority


Then convey results

Then, convey results

  • Benefits of instream flow protection

  • Need for protection

  • Broad

    • “Clearly tie the improvement of instream flow to economic and public health benefits”


Gain support

Gain support

  • General public

  • Attentive public

  • Officials

  • Policymakers

    • Process issues: how?

    • “Consider other’s needs carefully and try to find solutions for those most opposed to yours.”


Monitor progress

Monitor progress

  • Consider Adaptive Management

  • Conduct and publish case studies

  • Share knowledge of what works

  • Explore creative alternatives


Conclusions1

Conclusions

  • Science is essential but not sufficient

  • Leadership is key

  • Great need for skills in communication, negotiation

  • Value differences

  • There is no one-fits-all solution, but may be some general principles.


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