Teaching with complex tests gps leadership institute august 2012
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Teaching with Complex Tests GPS Leadership Institute August 2012. PART I. Determining Text Complexity August 15, 2012. August 15, 2012 (Part 1) Understand the three part model of text complexity and the final step of placing texts in grade bands. Future Leadership Meeting (Part 2)

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Teaching with Complex Tests GPS Leadership Institute August 2012

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Teaching with complex tests gps leadership institute august 2012

Teaching with Complex TestsGPS Leadership InstituteAugust 2012


Part i determining text complexity august 15 2012

PART I. Determining Text ComplexityAugust 15, 2012


Objectives

August 15, 2012 (Part 1)

Understand the three part model of text complexity and the final step of placing texts in grade bands.

Future Leadership Meeting (Part 2)

Apply close reading strategies to scaffold complex text.

OBJECTIVES


The crisis of text complexity

  • Complexity of texts students are expected to read is way below what is required to achieve college and career readiness:

    • High school textbooks have declined in all subject areas over several decades

    • Average length of sentences in K-8 textbooks has declined from 20 to 14 words

The “CRISIS” OF Text Complexity

Council of Chief State School Officers: Text Complexity


Is this really a crisis

  • Vocabulary demands have declined, e.g., 8th grade textbooks = former 5th grade texts; 12th grade anthologies = former 7th grade texts

  • Too many students are reading at too low a level (<50% of graduates can read sufficiently complex texts)

Is This really A Crisis?

CCSSO Text Complexity


Act inc reading between the lines report 2006

The most important implication of the study:

“What students could read, in terms of its complexity, was at least as important as what they could do with what they read.”

ACT, Inc., “Reading Between the Lines report” (2006)

CCSS Appendix A. p. 2


Ccss instructional shifts

  • Building knowledge through content-rich nonfiction and informational texts

  • Reading and writing grounded in evidence from text

  • Regular practice and instruction with complex texts and its academic vocabulary

CCSS Instructional Shifts


Ccss instructional shifts1

  • All students must be exposed to grade level text complexity regardless of their reading ability

CCSS Instructional Shifts

CCSS, Appendix A


What does exposed to grade level text complexity mean

  • Interactive Read - Alouds

  • Independent Reading (95% accuracy & comprehension)

  • Shared Reading

    • Close reading of a passage

    • Multiple exposures

    • Reading for different purposes

  • Reading for extended periods of time across content-areas

What does “exposED” To grade level text complexity MEAN ?


Three part model for measuring text complexity

Three-Part Model for Measuring Text Complexity

Three Ways to Build Background Knowledge:

*Choose ONE or More…

Jigsaw – Hiebert Article

Video with Graphic Organizer to Generate Discussion

Jigsaw – Fisher & Frey Article


Activity a vimeo shift 3 staircase of text complexity engageny org

All – Watch 15 Minute Video (link on Wiki)

Distribute Accompanying Discussion Worksheet (11 Discussion Questions in total)

All – Summarize Q. 1 in 2-3 sentences

Group 1 – Q. 2-3

Group 2 – Q. 4-5

Group 3 – Q. 6-7

Group 4 – Q. 8-9

Group 5 – Q. 10-11

All – Each group can then facilitate a discussion around their questions

Activity A:Vimeo: Shift 3- Staircase of Text complexity (engageny.org)

Text Complexity Worksheet


Activity b hiebert article jigsaw

All – Introduction (p.1)

Group 1 – Text Complexity and the CCSS (p. 2-3)

Group 2 – Quantitative Information (p. 3 & 4)

Group 3 – Qualitative Measures (p. 4 & 5)

Group 4 – Readers and Tasks (p.5)

All – How To Use The Three Forms Of Information: The Text Complexity Multi-index (p.5 & 6)

All – Conclusions and Recommendations (p.7)

Activity B:Hiebert Article Jigsaw

CES Handout 1


Activity c fisher frey article jigsaw 15 minutes distribute

Count off by “fours” and find your “like” numbers to form a “group”; you can sub-divide if groups still too large!

All – Introduction (p. 2 to top of p. 3)

Group 1 – Quantitative (p. 3)

Group 2 – Qualitative (pgs. 3 – 4)

Group 3 – The Reader (pgs. 4 – 7)

Group 4 – The Task (pgs. 7 – 8)

All – If time, Skim Conclusions and Appendixes (p.11…)

In your “Like Number Group” discuss your section and in no more than 2-3 sentences, summarize your section. 1 person will report their summarization to the larger group

Fisher & Frey PDF

Activity C: Fisher & Frey Article Jigsaw (15 minutes)(distribute)


Three part model for measuring text complexity1

Three-Part Model for Measuring Text Complexity


Text complexity model

Text Complexity Model

  • Text complexity is defined by:

Quantitative measures – readability and other scores of text complexity often best measured by computer software.

Kansas Department of Education


Text complexity model1

Text Complexity Model

  • Text complexity is defined by:

Qualitative measures – levels of meaning, structure, language conventionality and clarity, and knowledge demands often best measured by an attentive human reader.

Kansas Department of Education


Text complexity model2

Text Complexity Model

  • Text complexity is defined by:

Reader and Task considerations – background knowledge of reader, motivation, interests, and complexity generated by tasks assigned often best made by educators employing their professional judgment.

Kansas Department of Education


Three part model for measuring text complexity2

Three-Part Model for Measuring Text Complexity

Determining Text Complexity of

Salvador, Late or Early

-Cisneros, S. (1992). Woman Hollering Creek. New York: Vintage

-distribute short text


Final step recommended placement

Distribute Blank Graphic Organizer- Starting with the end in mind… fill in as we go…

GOAL: After reflecting upon all three legs of the text complexity model educators can make a final recommendation of placement within a text and begin to document our thinking for future reference.

Final Step: Recommended Placement

Handout 3


Quantitative measures

A CLOSER LOOK

Quantitative Measures


Teaching with complex tests gps leadership institute august 2012

  • Sentence and word length

  • Frequency of unfamiliar words

  • Word frequency

  • Number of syllables in words

STEP #1:

Quantitative measures


Proposed common core scale bands

Proposed Common Core Scale Bands


Proposed text complexity correlation chart for common gps scales

Proposed Text Complexity Correlation Chart for Common GPS scales


Step 1 quantitative measures

LET’S TRY IT OUT!!! Consider:

  • Sentence and word length

  • Frequency of unfamiliar wordsD

  • Word frequency

  • Number of syllables in words

    Salvador, Late or Early(S. Cisneros)

  • Sentence length and vocabulary/word frequency

    • Reread Paragraph 1; consider sentence length!

  • Vocabulary/Word Frequency

    • Name of main character appears frequently

    • Challenging vocabulary words…identify…

      • vague

      • nub

      • Scuttles

  • Lexile= 960

  • F & P = Z

Step #1: Quantitative measures

  • Discuss In Your Groups/Share


Step 1 implications for educators

General Rule:

Use any one of the quantitative analyzer tools to place text into a complexity band level.

For decisions about whether to place a text at the upper, lower, or middle of a band, use qualitative analysis.

(For drama and poetry, use qualitative measures.)

In which of the text complexity bands would Salvador, Late or Early fall?

Step #1: Implications for Educators


Step 1 common core scale bands for salvador late or early

Step #1: Common Core Scale Bands For Salvador, Late or Early


Step 1 quantitative measures1

Remember, however, that the quantitative measures is only the first of three “legs” of the text complexity triangle.

Our final recommendation may be validated, influenced, or even over-ruled by our examination of qualitative measures and the reader and task considerations.

Fill out the QUATITATIVE MEASURE portion of the “Placemat”- Handout #3.

Step 1: quantitative measures

Kansas State Department of Education


Qualitative measures

A CLOSER LOOK

Qualitative Measures


Step 2 qualitative measures

  • Levels of meaning or purpose

  • Structure

  • Language conventionality and clarity

  • Knowledge demands

Step #2: Qualitative measures

  • Elfrieda H. Hiebert – The Common Core State Standards and Text Complexity


Step 2 qualitative measures1

The Qualitative Measures Rubrics for Literary and Informational Text

The rubric for literary text and the rubric for informational text allow educators to evaluate the important elements of text that are often missed by computer software that tends to focus on more easily measured factors.

Step 2: qualitative measures

Handouts 4 & 5

Kansas State Department of Education


Step 2 qualitative measures2

Because factors for literary texts are different from information texts, these two rubrics contain different content. However, the formatting of each document is exactly the same.

Since these factors represent continua rather than discrete stages or levels, numeric values are not associated with these rubrics. Instead, four points along each continuum are identified: high, middle high, middle low, and low.

Pull out LITERARY rubric – Handout #5

Step 2: qualitative measures

Kansas State Department of Education


Step 2 qualitative measures3

So…LET’S TRY IT OUT!

How is the rubric used?

How would Salvadore, Late or Early fair when analyzed through the lens of the Literary Text Rubric? Read the descriptive “factors”.

– DISCUSS and MARK the rubric accordingly.

Step 2: qualitative measures


Teaching with complex tests gps leadership institute august 2012

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x


Step 2 qualitative measures4

Step 2: qualitative measures

Salvadore, Late or Early (S. Cisneros)

Lexile Text Measure: 960L

But after reflecting upon the qualitative measures, we believed:


Step 2 qualitative measures5

PROCESS:

Our initial placement of Salvador, Late or Early into a text complexity band changed (between 4-5 and 6-8) when we examined the qualitative measures ( to the grade 6-8 band).

Remember, however, we have completed only the first two legs of the text complexity triangle.

The reader and task considerations still remain.

Complete the QUALITATIVE MEASURES section of the text complexity “PLACEMAT”

Step 2: qualitative measures


Reader and task considerations

A CLOSER LOOK

Reader and task considerations


Step 3 reader and task

Considerations such as:

  • Motivation Knowledge and experience

  • Purpose for reading

  • Complexity of task assigned regarding text

  • Complexity of questions asked regarding text

Step #3: Reader and task


Step 3 reader and task1

Questions for Professional Reflection on Reader and Task Considerations:

The questions provided in this resource are meant to spur teacher thought and reflection upon the text, students, and any tasks associated with the text.

Distribute Reader & Task Consideration Handout

Step #3: reader and task

Handout 6


Step 3 reader and task2

The questions included here are largely open-ended questions without single, correct answers, but help educators to think through the implications of using a particular text in the classroom.

Step 3: reader and task


Step 3 reader and task3

Review Salvador, Late or Early; discuss the guiding questions on HANDOUT #6 in your group.

Complete the Considerations for READER and TASK section of the placemat.

Based upon our examination of the Reader and Task Considerations, we have completed the third leg of the text complexity model and are now ready to recommend a final placement within a text complexity band.

Step 3: Reader and Task


Final step recommended placement1

After reflecting upon all three legs of the text complexity model we can make a final recommendation of placement within a text and begin to document our thinking for future reference.

Complete the “Recommended Placement” section of the Placemat.

Final Step: Recommended Placement

Handout 3


Next steps

Next steps

  • In grade-level teams, develop a pool of annotated texts that exemplify and help benchmark the process of evaluating text complexity, using both quantitative and qualitative measures and the professional judgment of teachers -- complex text playlists!

  • The texts and the annotations accompanying them will provide educators with a deeper, more multidimensional picture of text complexity that they can use to help them select materials.


Implications for teaching and learning

  • Based on levels of complexity, current instructional materials will need to be supplemented, enhanced or moved to a different grade. Some of this work will be represented in the curriculum (units of study- suggested materials), some can be done within our schools at grade-level planning meetings.

Implications for teaching and learning


Useful websites

Connecticut State Department of Education: http://www.sde.ct.gov/sde/site/default.asp

Council of Chief State School Officers: http://www.ccsso.org/Resources/Digital_Resources/Common_Core_Implementation_Video_Series.html

Kansas State Department of Education: http://www.ksde.org/Default.aspx?tabid=4778#TextRes

LexileAnalyzer: www.lexile.com/findabook

Maine Department of Education: http://www.maine.gov/education/lres/commoncore/

National PTA: http://www.pta.org/common_core_state_standards.asp

The Hunt Institute (video series): http://www.youtube.com/user/TheHuntInstitute#g/u

Useful websites


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