Chapter 1. Historical Perspective of Water Use and Development. Chapter Headings. Drinking Water for Early Civilizations Early Irrigation and Flood-Control Projects Early Water Transportation Development Early Hydropower Development. What is Civilization?.
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Historical Perspective of Water Use and Development
View down a shaft to water below
Aerial photo showing collapsed shafts
Example of routing wastewater away from cities
Simple devices for lifting water from the river into irrigation canals:
shadoufs, tambour or Achimedes screw, and saqia water wheel
R.G. Vivian, Chaco Canyon Handbook
In Washington DC; canal ran 184 miles from Cumberland MD to DC
overshot mill for grinding corn
Hydroelectric plant was to the left of American Falls?
Two inlets above the fall diverted water into canals (right photo # 1 & 2); water flowed down canals to power houses (left diagram)