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Chapter 15. Diversity and Stress. Terms to Define. Minority: racial, religious, or ethnic group smaller in number than the controlling group in the the community or nation Race: a group of people with similar physical traits, blood types, genetic patterns, and/or inherited characteristics

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chapter 15

Chapter 15

Diversity and Stress

terms to define
Terms to Define
  • Minority: racial, religious, or ethnic group smaller in number than the controlling group in the the community or nation
  • Race: a group of people with similar physical traits, blood types, genetic patterns, and/or inherited characteristics
  • Ethnicity: a group of people having a common heritage such as common customs, characteristics, language, and history
positive aspects of minority status
Positive Aspects of Minority Status
  • Asian American contributions
    • Acupuncture
    • Herbal medicines
    • Relaxation techniques
  • Native American contributions
    • “Wholism” concept
    • Harmony (balance) concept of health
    • Concern for the environment
positive aspects of minority status cont d
Positive Aspects of Minority Status, cont’d
  • Latino/Hispanic American contributions
    • Social and family support
    • Spiritual aspects of health
  • African American contributions
    • Importance of church
    • Enjoyment of life through sports, arts, social interaction
stressors challenging minorities
Stressors Challenging Minorities
  • Racism
  • Culture conflicts
  • Acculturation stressors
  • Hate crimes
health status differences of minorities
Health Status Differences of Minorities
  • Health care disadvantages
  • Some national health objectives focus on minorities
  • Infant mortality
  • Life expectancy
  • Years of potential life lost
  • Hypertension
poverty and educational level
Poverty andEducational Level
  • These factors are related and are associated with poorer health
  • The lower the socioeconomic level, the poorer the health status
  • Table 15.3 shows poverty levels in the United States (2000)
  • Women in general earn less than men and have less opportunities
  • Age and disability status are other factors
family life
Family Life
  • Two important factors of family life that are related to stress development
    • Homelessness
    • Type of family structure
age and physical disability
Age and Physical Disability
  • The elderly are not revered in the United States as they are in some countries, a source of stress
  • People with disabilities suffer from the challenge of their condition and from discriminatory attitudes
chapter 1511

Chapter 15

Diversity and Stress

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