Clustering of color sources fragmentation of clusters results conclusions
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Multiplicity Distributions and Percolation of Strings J. Dias de Deus and C. Pajares CENTRA,Instituto Superior Tecnico,Lisboa IGFAE,Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. Clustering of color sources Fragmentation of clusters Results Conclusions. CERN, May 14th June 8th 2007.

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Clustering of color sources Fragmentation of clusters Results Conclusions

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Clustering of color sources fragmentation of clusters results conclusions

Multiplicity Distributions and Percolation of StringsJ. Dias de Deus and C. PajaresCENTRA,Instituto Superior Tecnico,LisboaIGFAE,Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

Clustering of color sources

Fragmentation of clusters

Results

Conclusions

CERN, May 14th June 8th 2007


Clustering of color sources fragmentation of clusters results conclusions

CLUSTERING OF COLOR SOURCES

  • Color strings are stretched between the projectile and target

  • Strings = Particle sources: particles are created via sea qq production in

  • the field of the string

  • Color strings = Small areas in the transverse space filled with color field

  • created by the colliding partons

  • With growing energy and/or atomic number of colliding particles, the

  • number of sources grows

  • So the elementary color sources start to overlap, forming clusters, very

  • much like disk in the 2-dimensional percolation theory

  • In particular, at a certain critical density, a macroscopic cluster appears,

  • which marks the percolation phase transition


Clustering of color sources fragmentation of clusters results conclusions

  • (N. Armesto et al., PRL77 (96); J.Dias de Deus et al., PLB491 (00); M. Nardi and H. Satz(98).

  • How?: Strings fuse forming clusters. At a certain critical density ηc

  • (central PbPb at SPS, central AgAg at RHIC, central SS at LHC ) a

  • macroscopic cluster appears which marks the percolation phase transition

  • (second order, non thermal).

  • Hypothesis: clusters of overlapping strings are the sources of

  • particle production, and central multiplicities and transverse momentum

  • distributions are little affected by rescattering.


Clustering of color sources fragmentation of clusters results conclusions

Energy-momentum of the cluster is the sum of the energy-momemtum of

each string.

As the individual color field of the individual string may be oriented in

an arbitrary manner respective to one another,


Clustering of color sources fragmentation of clusters results conclusions

RESULTS

less than parton saturation (9.5-10), HIJING, …

more than extrapolation from SPS and RHIC (6.5) or applying limiting

fragmentation (5.5).D.Kharzeev et al (6.8)


Clustering of color sources fragmentation of clusters results conclusions

CONCLUSIONS

  • Violation of limiting fragmentation

  • 1500-1600 charged particles per unit rapidity at y=0

    (less than most dynamical models)


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