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A Parent’s Guide to Behavior Management: It all starts with the ABC’s ”. Dr. Jeffrey S. Selman Licensed Psychologist Board Certified Behavior Analyst Director of Clinical Services – JSS Behavioral Services www.JSSBehavioral.com. Presentation Overview. What is Behavior?
Dr. Jeffrey S. Selman
Board Certified Behavior Analyst
Director of Clinical Services – JSS Behavioral Services
This presentation is brought to you by the letters “B” and “F”…
“Behavior – human or otherwise – remains an extremely difficult subject matters”
B.F. Skinner, 1969
Our goal is to increase the amount of reinforcement in the child’s environment!
The ABC model helps identify the reinforcer/consequence that is maintaining the behavior
When did the behavior start?
Who was there when the behavior started?
Where did the behavior occur?
Examples of common problems:
Hitting, throwing things, crying, running away from adults, spitting, kicking
Define broader problem behaviors:
Physical aggression: Any instance of hitting, kicking, or attempts at hitting or kicking
Demand refusal: Any instance of ignoring or saying “no” to work demands, requests, or walking away from demands or requests
What happened immediately after the behavior started?
How did you (or the other people) react?
Did the incident result in any long term consequences?
Positive and Negative does not mean good or bad!
Anything following a behavior which increases the likelihood that the behavior will occur again…
Positive Reinforcement – a stimulus that when presented immediately following a behavior increases the future frequency of the behavior
Negative Reinforcement - a stimulus that when removed immediately following a behavior increases the future frequency of the behavior
Anything following a behavior which decreases the likelihood that the behavior will occur again…
…if it doesn’t decrease the behavior in the future, can we still call it punishment?
Questions about punishment:
Does punishment work? - meaningful, immediate, consistent
What are some problems with punishment?
Individuals engage in problem behavior because their behaviors have produced reinforcementin the past and over time…
Putting it all together:
“Due to a history of socially-mediated negative reinforcement, Kara will hit, kick and yell when transitioning from a preferred activity to a non-preferred activity”
“When JJ wants access to a preferred item (toy, computer) that he cannot have, JJ will verbally aggress or tantrum due to a history of socially-mediated positive reinforcement.”
Can solve problems/learn new behaviors through shaping – reinforcing small approximations of desired response
For copies of this presentation and ABC forms:
JSS Behavioral Services
A Center for Family-Focused Behavioral Care
Jeffrey S. Selman, PsyD, BCBA-D, NCSP
Co-Founder/Director of Clinical Services
9225 University Blvd phone: (843) 637-4322
Suite E2A fax: (843) 793-3691
North Charleston, SC 29406 email: [email protected]