Early buddhism
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Early Buddhism. Late Vedic India & Spiritual Age Beliefs of Buddhism Practices of early Buddhism IDs: Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), d. 483bce, nirvana, sangha. Argument.

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Early Buddhism

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Early buddhism

Early Buddhism

  • Late Vedic India & Spiritual Age

  • Beliefs of Buddhism

  • Practices of early Buddhism

    IDs: Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), d. 483bce, nirvana, sangha


Argument

Argument

With no gods, no supernatural features, and no afterlife, early Buddhism was a response to the historical context of Late Vedic India.


I historical context a late vedic age 1000 500 bce

I. Historical ContextA. Late Vedic Age (1000-500 BCE)

Changes around 500 BCE

Many small states

Rajas (from kshatriya caste)

Growth of towns


Transition to hinduism

Transition to Hinduism

  • More elaborate caste system

  • Karma & transmigration of souls

  • Dissatisfaction with Brahman leadership

  • BhagavadGita

  • Krishna

  • Arjuna


B axial spiritual age 6 th 4 th century bce

B. Axial (Spiritual Age) 6th-4th century BCE

Influential Thinkers

  • Buddha

  • Mahavira

  • Confucius

  • Laozi ?

  • Socrates

  • Aristotle

  • Plato & other Greeks

New Religions/

Philosophical Systems

  • Buddhism

  • Confucianism

  • Daoism

  • Greek Philosophy


Hinduism in the spiritual age 6 th c bce

Hinduism in the“Spiritual Age”: 6th c. BCE

1. Mahavira

Jainism

Asceticism

Non-violence

gurus


Ii beliefs of early buddhism

II. Beliefs of Early Buddhism

Siddhartha Gautama (c. 563 – 483 BCE)

the Buddha (the Enlightened One)

Ganges

Bodhi tree (bo)


Four truths

Four Truths

1.Life is full of suffering.

2.Suffering is caused by desires.

3.The only way to rise above suffering is to renounce desire.

4.One can only do this by following Noble Eightfold Path.


Goals

Goals

rid self of desire & the illusion of separate identity

reach nirvana (contentment and extinction)

By following Noble Eightfold Path


Iii practices of early buddhims

III. Practices of Early Buddhims

The Buddha’s Footprints

Limestone carving on stupa, India

1st c. BCE


Sangha order

Sangha (Order)

  • monks

  • nuns


The three jewels

The Three Jewels

“I go for refuge to the Buddha.

I go for refuge to the Doctrine (dharma).

I go for refuge to the Order (sangha).”


Argument1

Argument

With no gods, no supernatural features, and no afterlife, early Buddhism was a response to the historical context of Late Vedic India.


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