Controlled reader
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Developmental History. Controlled Reader. Reading Eye Camera. Guided Reader. 1960’s. 1970’s-1980’s. Silent Reading Practice & Measurement. Miami Dade Research Results.

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Controlled Reader

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Controlled reader

Developmental History

Controlled Reader

Reading Eye Camera

Guided Reader

1960’s

1970’s-1980’s

Silent Reading Practice & Measurement


Controlled reader

Miami Dade Research Results

“In many cases the gains were not only statistically significant with substantive effect sizes, the contrasts between Reading Plus and non-Reading Plus groups provided interesting information regarding the magnitude of performance differences. For example, in grades 6, 7, and 8 the mean gains on the CRT portion of the FCAT were more than double the gains of non-participating students.

Dr. Timothy RasinskiReading Psychology


Reading plus builds proficiency

Reading Plus Builds Proficiency

Its goal is to help students read at or

above grade level, with good comprehension

scores and an adequate reading rate.


Controlled reader

Complex Nature of Reading

When we read do we look at every letter in each word?

The paomnnehalpweorof the hmuanmnid

Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at CmabrigdeUinervtisy, it deosn'tmttaer in wahtoredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olnyiprmoatnttihng is taht the frist and lsatltteer be in the rghitpclae. The rset can be a taotlmses and you can sitllraed it wouthitporbelm.

Tihs is bcuseae the huamnmniddeos not raederveylteter by sitlef, but the wrod as a wlohe.

tothenot

aisby

atandbut

itbeas

incan

areyou


Controlled reader

Inefficient Silent Reading

  • What does it look like when a reader lacks silent reading fluency?

  • Has laborious eye movements

  • Over relies on decoding

  • Can’t apply meaning to words instantly

  • Has habitual, mechanical or ineffective perceptual skills

Take a look at how this struggling reads silently


Controlled reader

Seeing Silent Reading


Controlled reader

Inefficient Silent Reading

Student’s mental efforts are directed toward “taking in text” rather than comprehension.


Controlled reader

Teaching Silent Reading?

Proficient fluency doesn’t happen through instruction

What’s the missing link between instruction and proficiency?


Controlled reader

What is SSR Missing?

ScSR

Scaffolds and Structure

So…if all that is needed is silent reading practice why isn’t traditional Silent Sustained Reading the answer?

Dr. Reutzel, 2008


Controlled reader

Structure for Effectiveness

Components that need to be dynamically structured

Content

Student Choice

Prior Knowledge

Rate

Text presentation

Text Duration

Scaffolds

Accountability

Goals

Motivation

Providing these for eachstudent everytime they read

is a daunting task


Controlled reader

Efficient and Effective Practice

Reading Plus®leverages technology to assess, remediate & accelerate

the unseen and unheard

fluency skills while providing structure.

Fluency

Structure

Efficient & Effective Practice


Controlled reader

Primary Structure Includes

  • Builds Attention & Motivation

  • Ensures High Success

  • Fosters Independence & Proficiency


Controlled reader

  • Reading Placement Appraisal


Reading placement appraisal

Reading Placement Appraisal

Children and Adults

30-40 minutes

Determines

Independent Reading Level

Reading Rate-Words Per Minute

Vocabulary Level

Comprehension Capability

Perceptual Memory Ability

Decoding Ability


What is the rpa

What is the RPA?

  • A Placement Vehicle

  • determines PLACEMENT in all Reading Plus programs

  • Automatically places students in instructional software

  • Immediately following RPA, students can begin instruction


Rpa summary

RPA Summary

  • It is NOT.. a PRE AND POSTEST instrument

  • RPA has a Form “B” which is NOT a POSTEST


Pave perceptual accuracy and visual efficiency

PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

  • Improves the developmental processes required for fluent reading, spelling, math or any activity requiring accurate number/letter perception

  • Improved visual skills

    • Left to right eye movement and eye tracking

    • Rapid, accurate, orderly seeing

    • Span of recognition

    • Improves recognition time

    • Strong visual memory


Pave perceptual accuracy and visual efficiency1

PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

Automatic presentation of

  • Scan-3 scan exercises

  • Flash-10 flash exercises

  • First 5-10 minutes of every class


  • Scan warm up

    Scan Warm Up

    Develops directional attack skills

    Improves visual skills

    Improves short term memory

    Develops sustained attention


    Controlled reader

    Attention & Skill Building Warm-up Activities

    23

    23

    23


    Controlled reader

    120 lines per minute


    Controlled reader

    120 lines per minute

    120 lpn in PAVE

    156 kids at Robinswood MS

    About 1/3 of the school

    25% off Tildenville ES


    Pave perceptual accuracy and visual efficiency2

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Understanding Scan Rates

    Default Beginning Scan Rates

    Grade Initial Rate Counting

    120 lpm Press Space Bar

    2-430 lpm Count Silently

    5+40 lpm Count Silently

    The lowest scan rate is 20 lpm and the highest is 120 lpm.


    Controlled reader

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Understanding Flash Elements

    Initial Elements/Flashes

    Grade # of Elements

    12

    2-43

    5+4


    Controlled reader

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Understanding Scan Rates

    Scan Responds to Student Performance

    • Scan rate automatically increases and decreases based on student accuracy


    Flash warm up

    Flash Warm Up

    Letter/number order awareness

    Instant recognition

    Short term memory

    Sustained attention


    Controlled reader

    Warm Up!

    30

    30


    Controlled reader

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Understanding Flash Elements

    Flash responds to Student Performance

    • Flash elements automatically increase and decrease based on student accuracy

    • The lowest number of elements flashed is 1 element

    • The highest number of elements flashed is 9 elements


    Controlled reader

    PAVEPerceptual Accuracy and Visual Efficiency

    Monitor/Respond to Student Success

    • Scan rates should be increasing

    • Flash elements should be increasing


    Controlled reader

    33


    Controlled reader

    15 Content Levels (over 500 lessons)

    Spache Readability used for Levels 1-3

    Fry Readability used for Levels 4 and up

    100% of the DolchSight Words, over 90% of the General Service List (subset of Thorndike),

    over 90% of Zeno et al’sEducator’s Word Frequency Guide word list

    Structured Content

    Primary Levels:

    98 most frequent words

    5-8 new words added per lesson


    Comprehension skills

    Comprehension Skills

    Literal Understanding

    • Recalling Information & Details

    • Following Sequence of Ideas & Events

    • Identifying Speaker

    Interpretation

    • Determining Main Idea

    • Making Inferences

    • Predicting Outcome

    • Drawing Conclusions

    • Interpreting Figurative Language

    • Visualizing

    • Paraphrasing

    Analysis

    • Comparing and Contrasting

    • Recognizing Cause and Effect

    • Classifying

    Analysis (continued)

    • Reasoning

    • Identifying Analogies

    Evaluation

    • Detecting Author’s Purpose

    • Understanding Persuasion

    • Recognizing Slant and Bias

    • Distinguishing Between Fact & Opinion

    • Judging Validity

    • Determining Relative Importance

    Appreciation

    • Interpreting Character

    • Recognizing Emotional Reactions

    • Identifying Mood and Tone

    • Identifying Setting


    Controlled reader

    Engaging & Diverse

    Structured Student Choice : Leveled Content of Mixed Genre


    Controlled reader

    Fiction/Non-Fiction Progression


    Controlled reader

    38


    Controlled reader

    I-RATE


    Controlled reader

    G-RATE


    Controlled reader

    41


    Controlled reader

    Dynamic Differentiated InstructionScaffolded Instruction


    Automatic interventions

    Automatic Interventions


    Controlled reader

    Normal Silent Reading Speeds by Grade Level

    Level A

    Level B

    Level C

    Level D

    Level E

    Level F

    Level G

    Level H

    Level I

    Level J

    Level K


    Controlled reader

    57

    57

    57


    Controlled reader

    58

    58

    58


    Vocabulary programs

    Vocabulary Programs

    Build inferential and predictive abilities to encourage independence during silent reading. Develop meaning completion strategies through structured cloze instruction with vocabulary-in-context activities.


    Controlled reader

    Reading Plus Sessions Components

    30 Minutes Reading Plus Session

    OR

    45 Minutes Reading Plus Session


    Balanced with vocabulary

    Balanced with Vocabulary

    Vocabulary Level always leads Fluency Level


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    Printable Status Report

    Notes Fields

    Awarded certificate

    Reviewed Comp Reports

    Awarded certificate

    Discussed recent low scores

    Print, document,

    and save the Class Status Reports

    66


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    Reviewing Notifications

    Student Suspended

    Assistance Needed

    Level Award Earned

    67


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    Reviewing Notifications

    Double click student name

    68


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    Reviewing Notifications

    Click on “blue” line item

    69


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    • Reviewing Notifications

    • Review Details

    • Flag is cleared

    • Review Student GR Record

    70


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    • Reviewing Notifications

    • Are Rereads being used?

    • Inconsistent Comprehension?

    • Has student just leveled up?

    • Compare I-rate to G-Rate

    71


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    Sending Student Messages

    Provide positive feedback and helpful suggestions

    72


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    Sending Student Messages

    Message Sent

    73


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    Sending Student Messages

    Message presented to student at login

    74


    Controlled reader

    Monitoring

    Steps recommended to monitor your class:

    Review Class Status Indicators

    Review Sessions & Comprehension

    Print Status Report

    Review Notifications

    Identify Interventions

    Notify Students

    75


    Controlled reader

    monitoring

    Sessions vs. Lessons

    76


    Our end goal

    Our End Goal

    • Reading grade-level content

    • At adequate rate

    • Independently & Silently

    • With good comprehension

    • Students who enjoy reading


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