Pledge of Allegiance History. Francis Bellamy. The Pledge of Allegiance, attributed to socialist editor and clergyman Francis Bellamy. It was first published in 1892 in The Youth’s Companion, a children’s magazine for which Bellamy worked.
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The Pledge of Allegiance, attributed to socialist editor and clergyman Francis Bellamy.
It was first published in 1892 in The Youth’s Companion, a children’s magazine for which Bellamy worked.
The pledge was meant to echo the sentiments and ideals of Bellamy’s cousin, Edward Bellamy.
Edward Bellamy is the author of the socialist utopian novel, Looking Backward
Bellamy crafted the pledge to be an oration to bolster the idea that the middle class could fashion a planned political and social economy, equitable for all.
President Benjamin Harrison issued a proclamation so that the pledge was first used in public schools on Columbus Day in 1892.
“I pledge allegiance to my flag and to the Republic for which it stands: one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all”
Some claimed The Youth’s Companion editor, James B. Upham wrote the pledge, but the U.S. flag Association ruled in 1939 to recognize Bellamy as the author.
In 1940 it was noticed that the Bellamy salute resembled another salute being used in Germany.
Congress formally replaced it with now-customary hand-on-heart during the pledge.
The prospect of an atomic war between world superpowers so moved President Eisenhower that he directed Congress to add the two small but controversial words
“From this day forward, the millions of our school children will daily proclaim in every city and town, every village and every rural school house, the dedication of our nation and our people to the Almighty”
I pledge allegiance to the flag, of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”
January 13, 1794 15 stripes and 15 stars
April, 4 1818 13 stripes and one star for each state
Several other changes
The flag consists of 13 horizontal stripes.
7 red alternating with 6 white
The stripes represent the original 13 colonies.
The stars represent the 50 states of the Union.
The stripes, red symbolizes valor
White symbolizes purity and innocence and blue represents vigilance, perseverance and justice.
The flag should be flown in fair weather, unless the flag is designed for inclement weather use.
The flag should never be used for any advertising purpose. It should not be embroidered, printed or otherwise impressed on such articles as cushions, handkerchiefs, napkins, boxes, or anything intended to be discarded after temporary use.
When the flag is lowered, no part of it should touch the ground or any other object; it should be received by waiting hands and arms.
To store the flag it should be folded neatly and ceremoniously.