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The traditional way to tell time in Spanish is by dividing the clock in half. The right side uses y to add minutes to the hour. Once the minute hand passes 6, we must express the next hour and use menos to subtract the minutes. If the time is exactly on the hour, we can add the expression en punto. If it is about a certain time, we say a eso de before stating the hour.
Es la una (y/menos) # minutos.
Son las dos (y/menos) # minutos.
Note: dos, tres, cuatro, cinco, seis, siete, ocho, nueve, diez, once, and doce all use Son las.
In Spanish, the phrase Es la is used to tell the time, whenever the hour being expressed is una (one).
Es launaen punto. = It is one oclock on the dot.
Es a eso dela una.= It is about one oclock.
Es la una y diez. = It is 1:10.
Es la unamenoscinco. = It is 12:55.
Note: When no specific time is stated, we use:
When the hour is 12 you can express the
time in more than one way. They include:
It is 12:00 p.m. = Son lasdoce de la tarde.
It is noon. = Es el medioda.
It is 12:00 a.m. = Son lasdoce de la maana.
It is midnight. = Es la medianoche.
Son las dos menos veinte.
Es la una y cuarenta.
Midnight = 0:00
1:00 a.m. = 1:00
Noon = 12:00
1:00 p.m. = 13:00
For p.m., you must add 12 to the a.m.
i.e. 7:30 p.m. = 19:30
la clase de espaol