URBAN WATER SECURITY – A full day on planning and response to ensure urban water resilience
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URBAN WATER SECURITY – A full day on planning and response to ensure urban water resilience. GOOD PRACTICES FOR MANAGING RISKS OF SCARCITY IN WATER SUPPLY. Francisco Cubillo Deputy Director of Research, Development and Investigation. IWA WORLD WATER CONGRESS AND EXHIBITION

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URBAN WATER SECURITY – A full day on planning and response to ensure urban water resilience

GOOD PRACTICES FOR MANAGING RISKS OF SCARCITY IN WATER SUPPLY

Francisco Cubillo

Deputy Director of Research, Development and Investigation

IWA WORLD WATER CONGRESS AND EXHIBITION

BEIJING, 2006 SEPTEMBER


SECURITY to ensure urban water resilience

RISK

FAILURE

I WISH, A FEELING

CIRCUMSTANCE

CRISIS

SOCIETY

WATER MANAGERS

EVERY STAKEHOLDERS


PROBABILITY to ensure urban water resilience

100%

NORMALITY

INCIDENCES

&

CONTINGENCIES

QUALITY OF SERVICE

&

RISK STANDARDS

CRISIS

DISASTER

AFFECTIONS

0

DROUGHTS & RISKS

DROUGHTS


SCARCITY & DROUGHT to ensure urban water resilience

  • An smooth event

  • In water supply is always operational


RISK SCENARIOS AND SUPPLY to ensure urban water resilience

FLOOD

AVERAGE EVOLUTION

NORMAL CONDITIONS

LOW RAINFALL

RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

USE OF STRATEGIC RESERVE

Actions

MODERATE SCARCITY

DEMAND MANAGEMENT

SEVERE SCARCITY

EXTREME SCARCITY


  • Public Company to ensure urban water resilience

  • Supplies drinking and sewerage water to 6 million people in the region of Madrid (Spain)

  • 177 municipalities

  • 14.000 km Distribution Network

Madrid


STRATEGIC INFRASTRUCTURES to ensure urban water resilience

2533 km transport pipes

59 Wells Fields

13 Water Treatment Works

14 Dams

44 Pumping Stations

242 Service Reservoirs


UNITARY CONSUMPTION EVOLUTION to ensure urban water resilience


EVOLUTION OF THE CYII SUPPLY SYSTEM to ensure urban water resilience

Independent consumption

DROUGHT PERIODS

10%

LEVEL OF RISK OF DROUGHT STARTUP

Acceptable level of risk (4%)

5%

Level of Risk

0

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005


EVOLUTION OF MADRID SUPPLY SYSTEM to ensure urban water resilience

Independent consumption

DROUGHT PERIODS

STRUCTURAL ACTIONS

El Atazar

1973

Valmayor

1976

New Wells

1992

Tr.San Juan

1995

OPERATIONAL ACTIONS

Change in operation

1993

Drought Manual

2003

Supply Manual

10%

LEVEL OF RISK OF DROUGHT STARTUP

Acceptable level of risk (4%)

5%

Level of Risk

0

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005


SUPPLY MANUAL to ensure urban water resilience

2003

DROUGHT MANUAL 1992


Cost of supply to ensure urban water resilience

Cost of droughts

Costs

Economic risk level

Risk of shortages


TIMESCALE FRONTIERS to ensure urban water resilience

PLANNING

PREVENTION

OPERATION

MITIGATION

CONTINGENCIES

RESOLUTION

CRISIS

MASTER PLANS

BASIN DROUGHT PLANS

SUPPLY SYSTEM EMERGENCY PLANS


REAL INTEGRATION to ensure urban water resilience

PLANNING <> OPERATION

EMERGENCIES <> ROUTINES

INSTITUTIONS <> OPERATORS <> USERS

RESOURCES <> INFRASTRUCTURES

TECNICIANS <> POLITICIANS <> MEDIA

TEORY <> PRACTICE

CULTURE <> ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT <>RISK ACCEPTANCE

THE KEY


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