Washington Sworn into office, New York City. Important members of President Washington’s Cabinet and Government. John Adams as Vice President. Thomas Jefferson as Sec. of State. Alexander Hamilton as Sec. of Treasury. Henry Knox as Sec. of War. Judiciary Act, 1789.
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John Adams as Vice President
Thomas Jefferson as Sec. of State
Organizes judiciary as follows:
- Supreme Court: Chief Justice plus 5 Associate Justices;
- 3 circuit (appeals) courts,
- 13 district (trial) courts (one in each state).
Hamilton wanted a government strong enough to fix America’s problems…
Thomas Jefferson trusted the people to fix their own problems…
Ok with Hamilton’s ideas, but there is a problem:
Speculators have bought bonds from citizens for less than they are worth!
Now the government is going to buy them from the speculators for full price?
That cheats the original owner out of money!
1790 Government starts buying bonds back!
Felt each state should pay back their part of the bill
Some states owed a lot!
Some did not owe much at all or paid their debts off…
- So who wins?
- Both….sort of.
The nation’s capital moves from the North to a more Central location….
The birth of Washington, D.C.
Will be built as the new nation’s capital!
Had a lot of faith in the average citizen
Said they should govern themselves
Said they would educate themselves and do what is right
So, government needs to be small
Job = stay out of the way
Government should stay out of the economies way
America is made up of farmers!
They know how to do it themselves!
Don’t need any help!
Tariffs should remain low
Keep price of goods lower.
Helps citizens be able to afford them
Hated the idea of a national bank
Some states are richer than others
They would lose this power if the federal government owned all of the money
What is the big deal?
The Constitution does not give the government the right to make a bank anyways….
Or does it?
A tax collector is tarred and feathered during the Whiskey Rebellion
Flag used in some protests of the Whiskey Rebellion