War in the pacific
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WAR IN THE PACIFIC. As World War II began for the United States in 1941, President Roosevelt …. decided to concentrate first on the war in Europe to place the Pacific war on hold Japan inflicted major defeats on U.S. forces in the first few months after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

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WAR IN THE PACIFIC

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WAR IN THE PACIFIC


As World War II began for the United States in 1941, President Roosevelt …

  • decided to concentrate first on the war in Europe

  • to place the Pacific war on hold

  • Japan inflicted major defeats on U.S. forces in the first few months after the attack on Pearl Harbor


QUIZ TIME: What was …

  • The first naval battle in history in which all the fighting was done by carrier – based aircraft

  • the first important Allied victory in the Pacific


Battle of the Coral Sea

May 4-8 , 1942


QUIZ TIME: The name of the battle in which …

  • The tide of Japanese conquest in the Pacific was turned in this battle

  • An example of the crucial Japanese mistake in 1942 of:

    • attempting to control too much of the Pacific

    • overextending themselves instead of digging in and consolidating their gains


Battle of Midway

June 3-6 , 1942


QUIZ TIME: What was the name given to …

  • United States war strategy

  • Attacking across the South Pacific while bypassing Japanese strongholds


“island hopping”

Or “leap frogging”


QUIZ TIME: Name of the battle that was…

  • especially important, because from there Americans could conduct round-trip bombing raids on the Japanese home islands


Guam

Summer 1944


QUIZ TIME: Name this battle…

  • In 1944, as a result of this battle Japan

    • lost its capacity to continue a serious naval war

    • was finished as a naval power


Battle of Leyte Gulf

October , 1944


War on the Asian mainland (1943-44)

  • Allied troops established a land supply route between India and China

  • Japanese forces continued to drive deep into the Chinese interior

  • Chinese leaders devoted much of their efforts to fighting Chinese communists instead of Japanese troops


HOMEWORK !!!Due next time we meet THURSDAY, FEB. 15

  • STUDY FOR WWII TEST

  • Read assigned perspective on Atomic Bomb dropping – be prepared to explain the contents of that reading to the rest of the class


VIDEO: CIVILIANS AT WAR

Through Nuremberg Trials part


Nuremberg Trials

  • Criminal trials of Nazi leaders , industrialists after WWII

  • On trial for

    • Planning and waging aggressive war

    • War crimes ( killing prisoners ; plundering)

    • Crimes against humanity ( extermination; slavery)

  • Main Trial

    • 24 top leaders ( most executed or imprisoned)

  • Other trials of over 200 lesser leaders

  • Established precedent = individuals responsible for actions even in wartime


RESEARCH PAPER recommendation -Nuremberg Trials

  • concept of War Crimes & Crimes Against Humanity

  • RECOMMENDED MOVIE = Nuremberg (2000)


  • Discussion of decision to drop the atomic bomb & the beginnings of the Cold War

    • To Prepare for discussion

    • Look for evidence that defends AND refutes the following statement

      • The United States decision to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a diplomatic measure calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post-Second- World- War era rather than a strictly military measure designed to force Japan’s unconditional surrender.

    • Research and Read about military and diplomatic history during the year of 1939 – 1947 that relates to the tensions between the US/GB vs. USSR

    • READ :

      • Relevant parts of Unit 5 Reading Assignments

      • PSD’s 378-395

      • Atomic Bomb NEXT TEXT (especially Part II and IV)


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