World war i
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World War I. Chapter 19. Activity: War. For what reasons do countries go to war? In your opinion, are there any good reasons to go to war? Explain. Causes. Nationalism – devotion to ones own country Imperialism – countries extending their land and building empires

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World war i

World War I

Chapter 19


Activity war

Activity: War

  • For what reasons do countries go to war?

  • In your opinion, are there any good reasons to go to war? Explain.


Causes

Causes

  • Nationalism – devotion to ones own country

  • Imperialism – countries extending their land and building empires

  • Militarism – building up armed forces

    • Naval arms race


2 sides

2 Sides

  • Allies – France, Britain and Russia

  • Central Powers (Triple Alliance) – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

    • Ottoman Empire also a big player


World war i

Green – AlliesGold – Central PowersGray - Neutral


Assassination leads to war

Assassination Leads to War

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is shot by Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo.

    • June 1914

    • Ferdinand was the heir to the Austrian Throne

    • Princip a Serbian nationalist

  • People thought it would be a short war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia

  • Many nations brought into conflict


Fighting begins

Fighting Begins

  • August 3, 1914 – Germany invades Belgium

    • Schlieffen Plan – defeat France first then Russia

  • Trench Warfare

  • “No Mans Land”


A letter home

A letter home…

  • Imagine that you are fighting in WWI, in the trenches. Write a letter to a loved one (Mom, Dad, sibling, spouse, best friend) that detail what a soldier must have been thinking in the trenches.

  • Fears, experiences, sights, sounds, smells

  • Must be at least ½ a page no more than 1 page.


What about the us

What about the US?

  • The question of neutrality

    • Do we stay out and profit by selling goods?

    • Do we stop the “Bully of Europe”


War hits home

War Hits Home

  • British blockade of Germany

    • US ships can’t deliver goods

  • Sinking of the Lusitania by German U-boat

    • Americans on board

    • Other ships attacked, Americans killed

  • Woodrow Wilson elected president in 1916

  • America declares war

    • Zimmerman note – Germany tries to lure Mexico away from US


War in america

War in America

  • Selective Service Act – Draft

    • 3 million drafted

  • Mass production of War Goods

  • Convoy System – protect ships


New inventions

New Inventions

  • Machine Gun – 600 rounds per minute


New inventions1

New Inventions

  • Airplanes with guns


New inventions2

New Inventions

  • Anti-Aircraft Guns


New inventions3

New Inventions

  • Poison Gas and Gas masks


New inventions4

New Inventions

  • Tanks


War at home

War at Home

  • Income Tax

  • Anti-Immigration Scare

    • American’s fearful of an attack from within

  • Espionage and Sedition Acts

    • Don’t say bad stuff about the gov’t

  • Food Conservation

    • “One day meatless, another sweetless, two days wheatless and two more porkless


Everyone helping

Everyone Helping

  • The “Great Migration”

    • African Americans flocking to the north to gain factory jobs

  • Women also taking jobs that were once seen as strictly for men


War comes to a close

War Comes to a Close

  • Nov. 1918 – Both Germany and Austria Hungary surrender

  • Armistice – Truce

    • At 11:11 on 11-11-1918

  • 22 million dead, 20 million wounded

    • World’s deadliest war, so far


After the war

After the War

  • Wilson’s 14 points – plan for world peace

  • League of Nations – countries and settle disagreements

  • Treaty of Versailles

    • Germany is responsible for war

    • Must pay reparations – war damages

    • Germany losses territory (Poland)

    • Breaks the German economy


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