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World War I. Chapter 19. Activity: War. For what reasons do countries go to war? In your opinion, are there any good reasons to go to war? Explain. Causes. Nationalism – devotion to ones own country Imperialism – countries extending their land and building empires

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world war i

World War I

Chapter 19

activity war
Activity: War
  • For what reasons do countries go to war?
  • In your opinion, are there any good reasons to go to war? Explain.
causes
Causes
  • Nationalism – devotion to ones own country
  • Imperialism – countries extending their land and building empires
  • Militarism – building up armed forces
    • Naval arms race
2 sides
2 Sides
  • Allies – France, Britain and Russia
  • Central Powers (Triple Alliance) – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
    • Ottoman Empire also a big player
assassination leads to war
Assassination Leads to War
  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is shot by Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo.
    • June 1914
    • Ferdinand was the heir to the Austrian Throne
    • Princip a Serbian nationalist
  • People thought it would be a short war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia
  • Many nations brought into conflict
fighting begins
Fighting Begins
  • August 3, 1914 – Germany invades Belgium
    • Schlieffen Plan – defeat France first then Russia
  • Trench Warfare
  • “No Mans Land”
a letter home
A letter home…
  • Imagine that you are fighting in WWI, in the trenches. Write a letter to a loved one (Mom, Dad, sibling, spouse, best friend) that detail what a soldier must have been thinking in the trenches.
  • Fears, experiences, sights, sounds, smells
  • Must be at least ½ a page no more than 1 page.
what about the us
What about the US?
  • The question of neutrality
    • Do we stay out and profit by selling goods?
    • Do we stop the “Bully of Europe”
war hits home
War Hits Home
  • British blockade of Germany
    • US ships can’t deliver goods
  • Sinking of the Lusitania by German U-boat
    • Americans on board
    • Other ships attacked, Americans killed
  • Woodrow Wilson elected president in 1916
  • America declares war
    • Zimmerman note – Germany tries to lure Mexico away from US
war in america
War in America
  • Selective Service Act – Draft
    • 3 million drafted
  • Mass production of War Goods
  • Convoy System – protect ships
new inventions
New Inventions
  • Machine Gun – 600 rounds per minute
new inventions1
New Inventions
  • Airplanes with guns
new inventions2
New Inventions
  • Anti-Aircraft Guns
new inventions3
New Inventions
  • Poison Gas and Gas masks
war at home
War at Home
  • Income Tax
  • Anti-Immigration Scare
    • American’s fearful of an attack from within
  • Espionage and Sedition Acts
    • Don’t say bad stuff about the gov’t
  • Food Conservation
    • “One day meatless, another sweetless, two days wheatless and two more porkless
everyone helping
Everyone Helping
  • The “Great Migration”
    • African Americans flocking to the north to gain factory jobs
  • Women also taking jobs that were once seen as strictly for men
war comes to a close
War Comes to a Close
  • Nov. 1918 – Both Germany and Austria Hungary surrender
  • Armistice – Truce
    • At 11:11 on 11-11-1918
  • 22 million dead, 20 million wounded
    • World’s deadliest war, so far
after the war
After the War
  • Wilson’s 14 points – plan for world peace
  • League of Nations – countries and settle disagreements
  • Treaty of Versailles
    • Germany is responsible for war
    • Must pay reparations – war damages
    • Germany losses territory (Poland)
    • Breaks the German economy
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